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新高考2022届高考英语考前冲刺卷(三)
2022-07-129.99元 21页 73.11 KB
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(新高考)2022届高考英语考前冲刺卷(三)注意事项:1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。3.非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。4.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。第Ⅰ卷(选择题)第一部分阅读(共两节,满分50分)第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。ALooneyTunesCarnivalFreeLooneyTunesUmbrellaReceivealimitededitionLooneyTunesumbrellawithaminimumspendof$100(singleoraccumulatedsame-dayreceipts)atourparticipatingmalls(商场)fromnowtill27thMarch,2018.LooneyTunesMerchandiseFairMallCompassPointDate:12-27thMarchLocation(位置)21,POPULARBookstore,MainAtriumEastercelebrationatPOPULARBookstore!Shopperswhopurchase$15worthofWarnerBros.BooksandstationeryatPOPULARareentitledtoaFREEparticipationinanyoneofthefollowingactivitiesfrom25till27thMarch.SocometoCompassPointfast!ActivitiesinstoreforyouBugs’CreativeClass(1stsession:3pm&2ndsession:3:30pm)Twistandturnaballoonintoapieceofart!Sokids,getreadyforthetwist!Limitedto15childrenpersession.PaintaBunnyEasterEgg(1stsession:5pm&2ndsession:5:30pm)Easteristhetimetohaveextraordinaryfunwitheggs!Kids,getyourhandsreadytocreateworksofEasterartonaneggcanvas(帆布).Limitedto25childrenpersession.KidsSquadClubBecomeaKidsSquadmemberforjust$12foraone-yearmembership.Receiveagoodiebagworth$30.Enjoyquarterlynewsletters,birthdaytreatsandspecialdiscounts.Thefirst100newmemberswhosignupateachmallwillreceiveanadditional$5ShoppingVoucher.1.WhatwouldyouhavetodotogetafreeLooneyTunesumbrella?A.Spend$15atPOPULARBookstore.B.Showyoursame-dayreceiptsof$100.C.BecomeaKidsSquadmember.D.PaintaBunnyEasterEgg.2.IneachsessionhowmanychildrenatmostcouldattendBugs’CreativeClass?A.15.B.25.C.30.D.100.3.WhyisLooneyTunesCarnivalheld?A.Topromotesales.B.Tocelebratekids’birthdays.21,C.Toimprovekids’creativity.D.ToregistermembersforKidsClub.【答案】1-3BAA【解析】文章介绍了兔八哥狂欢节的一些优惠活动和赠品的详情。1.细节推理题。根据“ReceivealimitededitionLooneyTunesumbrellawithaminimumspendof$100(singleoraccumulatedsame-dayreceipts)atourparticipatingmalls(商场)fromnowtill27thMarch,2018.”可知活动期间在参与的购物中心里,最少要花100美元(单或累积的当天收据)就可以收到限量版的LooneyTunes伞,故选B.2.细节推理题。根据Bugs’CreativeClass中“Limitedto15childrenpersession.”可知参加此项活动每届限15名儿童,故选A.3.推理判断题。根据文中“withaminimumspendof$100(singleoraccumulatedsame-dayreceipts)atourparticipatingmalls;Shopperswhopurchase$15worthofWarnerBros.和Thefirst100newmemberswhosignupateachmallwillreceiveanadditional$5ShoppingVoucher.”等信息可知消费后会得到一些优惠或赠品,目的是促销。故选A.BMydoctortookmeforawalkaroundthefarmwhereshelives.Iwasphysicallyandemotionallyexhaustedanddiscouragedbyanxietyanddepression.Theplacewasfulloflife.Therewereinsects,horses,rabbitsandacat.Shetoldmetofocusonmybodyintheenvironment.WhenIwasillItendedtoretreatintomymindanddisconnectfromhereandnow.So,whenImetahorsenamedFira,Iexpectednothing.AsIgotclosertoFira,shenuzzled(用鼻子安抚)hernoseintomychest,puttingagentlepressureovermyheart.Somethinghappenedinsideme:IfeltasifIhadreachedawellspringofpasthurts,fearsandfailings.Ibegantomeltemotionally.IpattedFira’snoseandbreathedinhersmell.IfoundIdidn’thavetoconcentrateonfeelingbetter;Firahelpedmefeellovedandsafe.IworkedwithFiraoften,learningbasiccommunicationandleadingmethodstoworktogetherwithher.Initially,Iwasn’tsureexactlywhatonewoulddowithahorseexceptingridingit.ButIknewthatFirahadtouchedmeinanuncommonwayandhadmademefeelbetter.Sheconnectedwithmebyrespondingtomyemotionalstateandreflectingitbacktomeinanopen,affectionateway.InmymeetingswithFira,IfoundthatIlostmyusualself-consciousness,andIwouldfocus21,entirelyoncommunicating.Ilearnedtoliveinthepresent,tofocusonwhatwashappeningthisday,inthismoment,inthisplace.Ilearnedtoforgetthepast,withallitshurts.Ilearnedtoforgetthefuture,whichhasn’thappenedyet.Whenyoustandbesideahorse,youexistcompletelyinthemoment.WithFirabymyside,Isawintoalifeinwhichtrustcomesfirst,andcompassionfollows.Ifoundadeeppeaceinleadingheralongapath,byusingmyownpowerofintentiontoindicatewhethertostart,stop,turnleftorturnright.Ifeltaninnerquietandevenjoy.Myworkwiththishorsewaspartofajourneyoutofaverydarknightinmysoul.4.Whatdoweknowabouttheauthorfromthefirstparagraph?A.Shelovesanimalsverymuch.B.Shewenttoadoctorwithhighhopes.C.Shesufferedfrommentalillness.D.Sheoftenlostconsciousness.5.WhensheapproachedFirafurther,theauthor________.A.becamegratefulforherpastpainB.hadanemotionalbreakdownC.wascuriousaboutwhatwouldhappenD.feltdeeplytouched6.WhentheauthorandFiraworkedtogether,________.A.Firaacceptedtheauthor’semotionsandreactedpositivelyB.FirahelpedtheauthorfocusonherthoughtsC.theauthorrecalledherpasthurts,fearsandfailingsD.theauthorhadtotryhardtofeelbetter7.WhatdidtheauthorlearnduringhertimewithFira?A.Itisnecessarytoshowcompassiontoothers.B.Oneshouldn’tbeaffectedbyemotions.C.Oneshouldlearnlessonsfromthepast.D.Itisimportanttoliveinthemoment.【答案】4-7CDAD【解析】21,这是一篇记叙文。文章主要介绍了作者在患有精神疾病期间,她的医生带她去农场散步时,她与一匹叫Fira的马相遇、相知以及到最后一起工作的过程,并在与这匹马一块工作时,作者得出了要活在当下的人生感悟。4.推理判断题。由文章第一段第二句“lwasphysicallyandemotionallyexhaustedanddiscouragedbyanxietyanddepression.(焦虑和抑郁使我身心俱疲,灰心丧气。)”可知,作者患的是精神方面的疾病。所以从第一段我们对作者的了解是她患有精神疾病。故选C项。5.细节理解题。由文章第二段“AsIgotclosertoFira,shenuzzledhernoseintomychest,puttingagentlepressureovermyheart.Somethinghappenedinsideme:lfeltasiflhadreachedawellspringofpasthurts,fearsandfailings.Ibegantomeltemotionally.(当我靠近Fira时,它用鼻子轻轻地按了一下我的胸口心脏。我的内心深处发生了—些事情:我觉得好像我已经达到了过去伤害,恐惧和失败的源泉。情感上我开始融化。)”可知,作者被它的反应所感动,所以当作者进一步接触Fira时,她被深深地感动了。故选D项。6.细节理解题。由文章第二段“IworkedwithFiraoften,learningbasiccommunicationandleadingmethodstoworktogetherwithher.Initially,Iwasn’tsureexactlywhatonewoulddowithahorseexceptingridingit.ButIknewthatFirahadtouchedmeinanuncommonwayandhadmademefeelbetter.Sheconnectedwithmebyrespondingtomyemotionalstateandreflectingitbacktomeinanopen,affectionateway.(我经常和Fira一起工作,与它一起工作时,学习基本的沟通和领导方法。一开始,我不知道除了骑马以外,人们会对马做什么。但我知道Fira以一种不同寻常的方式触动了我,让我感觉好多了。它通过回应我的情绪状态并以一种开放的、充满爱意的方式将它反馈给我与我联系。)”可知,Fira会给作者反应,所以作者和Fira—块工作时,Fira接受了作者的情绪,并做出了积极的反应。故选A项。7.推理判断题。由文章第三段“Ilearnedtoliveinthepresent,tofocusonwhatwashappeningthisday,inthismoment,inthisplace.Ilearnedtoforgetthepast,withallitshurts.Ilearnedtoforgetthefuture,whichhasn’thappenedyet.Whenyoustandbesideahorse,youexistcompletelyinthemoment.(我学会了活在当下,关注在这一天、这一刻、这个地方发生的事情。我学会了忘记过去,忘记所有的伤痛。我学会了忘记还没有发生的未来。当你站在马的旁边,你就完全存在于那一刻。)”可知,当作者和Fira在一起的时候她学到了活在当下是很重要的。故选D项。CWeallknowitisimportantforstudentstogetagoodnight’ssleepeverynight.Theyaren’tabletodotheirbestunlesstheysleepwell.Mostexpertsagreethatthepropernumberofhoursiseight,andthishasbeenacceptedascommonsenseforaslongasIcanremember.However,I21,wasyoungonceandIknowthatmostofyougetmuchlesssleepthanthat-andsometimesthisaffectsyourschoolwork.Ireadanarticleinateachers’magazinerecently.Theydidastudyof848studentsinaseniorschool.Worryingly,theresultssuggestedthatteenagersarefacinganewproblem.Theymaygotobedandgetupatpropertimesbutagrowingnumberwakeupinthemiddleofthenight,nottousethebathroomorhaveasnackbutbecauseofFOMO-thefearofmissingout!Accordingtothearticleschoolchildrensufferbecauseofanincreasingtrendtowakeupduringthenighttochecksocialmedia.Afraidofmissingamessageorchancetotakepartinadiscussion,teenswakeupatalltimesofthenighttogoonlineandjoinupwithsocialgroups.Allthishappenswhentheyshouldbesoundasleep.Thereportgivessomeworryingnumbers.23%of12-to15-year-oldswakeupnearlyeverynighttousesocialmedia.Another15%wakeupatnightonceaweekforthesamereason.Asaresult,oneinthreestudentsareconstantlyexhaustedandunabletodowellatschool.So,I’dliketoaskyoutoberesponsiblewhenitcomestosocialmedia.Bebraveandturnoffyourphonesandcomputersatnight.Theworldwon’tendandyoursocialmediawillbewaitingtogreetyouinthemorning.Igiveyoumywordthatyouwon’thavemissedanythingimportant.8.Whatisthenewtrendamongteenagers?A.Theygetuptooearlyinthemorning.B.Theywakeupatmidnighttogoonline.C.Theywakeupatnighttogetsomethingtoeat.D.Theyhavedifficultyinfallingasleepagainatnight.9.Accordingtothepassage,whatisFOMO?A.Afearofgoingonline.B.Aneedtogooutallthetime.C.Afearoflosingtouchonsocialmedia.D.Aneedtousethelatesttechnology.10.WhichofthefollowingbestexplainstheunderlinedwordinParagraph4?A.disappointed.B.surprised.C.confused.D.tired.11.What’stheauthor’attitudetowardsthistrend?A.Uninterested.B.Supportive.C.Concerned.D.Doubtful.21,【答案】8-11BCDC【解析】这是一篇说明文。文章主要讲述中学生因半夜醒来检查社交媒体而影响睡眠的现象。8.细节理解题。由第三段中的“schoolchildrensufferbecauseofanincreasingtrendtowakeupduringthenighttochecksocialmedia.(由于半夜醒来检查社交媒体增长的趋势使学生们也受影响。)”可知,这个新趋势是指青少年半夜醒来上网使用社交媒体。故选B项。9.细节理解题。根据第三段“Afraidofmissingamessageorchancetotakepartinadiscussion,teenswakeupatalltimesofthenighttogoonlineandjoinupwithsocialgroups.(害怕错过消息或加入讨论的机会,青少年整晚醒着上网,加入社会小组。)”可知,FOMO指害怕错过社交媒体消息或错失参与网上讨论的机会,即害怕在社交媒体上失去联系,故选C项。10.词义猜测题。根据第四段“Thereportgivessomeworryingnumbers.23%of12-to15-year-oldswakeupnearlyeverynighttousesocialmedia.Another15%wakeupatnightonceaweekforthesamereason.(报告给出了一些令人担心的数字。23%的12岁到15岁的学生几乎每晚都醒来使用社交媒体。另外15%的学生因为同样的原因,在晚上,一周醒一次。)”可知,学生们在该睡觉的时间上网,影响了学生的睡觉时间。可推测学生会感到累。故exhausted意为“疲惫的,累的”,故选D项。11.观点态度题。第二段“Worryingly,theresultssuggestedthatteenagersarefacinganewproblem.(令人担心的是,这些结果暗示青少年正面临一个新问题。)”表达作者对青少年的担心。及第四段“Thereportgivessomeworryingnumbers.(报告给出了一些令人担心的数字。)”可知,作者对于青少年半夜醒来使用社交媒体这个趋势感到担心,故选C项。DTheflightofbutterflieshassofarbeensomewhatofasecrettoresearchers,giventheirunusuallylargeandbroadwingstotheirbodysize.NowresearchersatLundUniversityinSwedenhavestudiedtheaerodynamics(空气动力)ofbutterfliesinthewindtunnel(风洞).Theresultssuggestthatbutterfliesuseahighlyhelpfulclaptechnique,thereforemakinguseoftheiruniquewings.Thishelpsthemrapidlytakeoffwhenescapingnaturalenemies.Theresearchersstudiedthewingbeatsoffreelyflyingbutterfliesduringtakeoffinthewindtunnel.Duringtheupwardprocess,thewingscup,creatinganair-filledpocketbetweenthem.Whenthewingsstrikeeachother,theairisforcedout,resultinginabackwardstrongstreamofairthatpushesthebutterfliesforward.Thedownwardwingbeathasanotherfunction:thebutterfliesstayintheairanddonotfalltotheground.Thewings’strikingwasdescribedbyresearchersalmost50yearsago,butitisonlyinthis21,studythatthetheoryhasbeentestedonrealbutterfliesinfreeflight.Untilnow,ithasbeengenerallybelievedthatbutterflywingsareaerodynamicallyinefficient.However,theresearcherssuggestthattheoppositeisactuallytrue.“Thatthewingsarecuppedwhenbutterfliesclapthemtogether,makesthewingclapmuchmoreeffective.Itisanelegantmechanismthatisfarmoreadvancedthanweimagined,anditisfascinating,”saysbiologyresearcherPerHenningsson,whostudiedthebutterflies’aerodynamics.“Theresultsofthestudycouldhelpinspireimprovedperformanceandflighttechnologyinsmallunmannedaircraft,”hecontinues.Inadditiontostudyingthebutterflies,theresearchersdesignedmechanicalwingsthataremodeledonrealones.Theshapeandflexibilityofthemechanicalwingsastheyarecuppedandfoldedconfirmtheefficiency.Theirmeasurementsshowthatthepushingforcecreatedbytheflexiblewingsis22percenthigherandtheefficiency28percentbettercomparedtoifthewingshadbeenrigid.12.Whatdoestheresearchers’studyfocuson?A.Thebutterfly’sbodysize.B.Thebutterfly’sflyingprinciple.C.Thebutterfly’sescapetechnique.D.Thebutterfly’sfrequencyofwingbeats.13.Forwhatpurposedobutterflywingsstrike?A.Toemptytheairpocketforforwardforce.B.Toreleasetheiradditionalenergy.C.Tocirclesteadilyintheair.D.Toformanairpocket.14.Whywerethemechanicalwingsmade?A.Theymightdrawpublicattention.B.Theycouldbeusedtotestthefindings.C.They’dshowresultsinlinewithpopularbelief.D.Theyhelpedavoidexperimentingonlivebutterflies.15.Whichofthefollowingcanbethebesttitleforthetext?A.NewDiscoveriesAreMadeBasedonAerodynamics21,B.FlexibleWingsBoostPlaneMakingIndustryC.ButterflyWingClapExplainsSecretofFlightD.ButterflyAdaptsItselftotheWildSurvival【答案】12-15BABC【解析】本文是一篇科技文。文章主要通过研究解答了蝴蝶拍翅说明飞行的秘密。12.细节理解题。根据第一段“Theflightofbutterflieshassofarbeensomewhatofasecrettoresearchers,giventheirunusuallylargeandbroadwingstotheirbodysize.NowresearchersatLundUniversityinSwedenhavestudiedtheaerodynamics(空气动力)ofbutterfliesinthewindtunnel(风洞).”(到目前为止,蝴蝶的飞行对研究人员来说还是一个秘密,因为它们的翅膀相对于它们的体型来说是非常大和宽阔的。现在,瑞典隆德大学的研究人员已经研究了蝴蝶在风洞中的空气动力学。)可知,研究人员的研究重点是蝴蝶的飞行原理。故选B项。13.细节理解题。根据第二段“Whenthewingsstrikeeachother,theairisforcedout,resultinginabackwardstrongstreamofairthatpushesthebutterfliesforward.(当蝴蝶的翅膀相互撞击时,空气被挤出,产生一股强大的向后气流,推动蝴蝶前进。)”可知,蝴蝶翅膀撞击的目的是清空气穴以获得前进的力量。故选A项。14.推理判断题。根据最后一段“mechanicalwingsthataremodeledonrealones.Theshapeandflexibilityofthemechanicalwingsastheyarecuppedandfoldedconfirmtheefficiency.Theirmeasurementsshowthatthepushingforcecreatedbytheflexiblewingsis22percenthigherandtheefficiency28percentbettercomparedtoifthewingshadbeenrigid.(除了研究蝴蝶,研究人员还模仿真实的蝴蝶设计了机械翅膀。机械机翼的形状和灵活性,因为他们是杯状和折叠确认效率。他们的测量结果显示,与刚性机翼相比,柔性机翼产生的推力提高了22%,效率提高了28%。)”可推断,制造机械机翼可以用来测试这些发现。故选B项。15.主旨大意题。根据第一段“Theflightofbutterflieshassofarbeensomewhatofasecrettoresearchers,giventheirunusuallylargeandbroadwingstotheirbodysize.(到目前为止,蝴蝶的飞行对研究人员来说还是一个秘密,因为它们的翅膀相对于它们的体型来说是非常大和宽阔的。)”及全文可知,本文主要是解答蝴蝶拍翅说明飞行的秘密。故选C项。第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。AGermanuniversityisoffering“idleness”moneytoapplicantswhoareseriouslycommitted21,todoingnothing.___16___Theapplicantscouldsubmittheirwordsofself-recommendationuntil15Septemberandwouldhavetoprovethattheirchosenareaof“activeinactivity(不活动)”wasparticularlyimpressiveorrelevant.___17___:“Whatdon'tyouwanttodo?Forhowlongdon’tyouwanttodoit?Whyisitimportantnottodothisthinginparticular?Whyareyoutherightpersonnottodoit?”“Doingnothingisn’tveryeasy,”saidFriedrichvonBorries,whocameupwiththeprogram.“Wewanttofocusonactiveinactivity.Forinstance,ifyousayyouarenotgoingtomoveforaweek,thenthat’simpressive.___18___“Theideabehindtheprojectarosefromadiscussionabouttheseemingcontradictionofasocietythatpromotessustainabledevelopmentwhilevaluingsuccess,”vonBorriessaid.“Thisprogramisnotajokebutanexperimentwithseriousintentions-___19___”AllapplicationswillformpartofanexhibitionnamedTheSchoolofInconsequentiality:TowardsABetterLife,openingattheHamburguniversityinNovember.___20___:“Whatcanyourefrain(克制)fromsothatyourlifehasfewernegativeconsequencesonthelivesofothers?”A.howcanyouturnasocietythatisstructuredaroundachievementsandaccomplishmentsonitshead?B.TheUniversityofFineArtsinHamburgdecidedtogivethree€1,600scholarshipplacestoapplicantsfromacrossGermany.C.Ifyouproposeyouarenotgoingtomoveorthink,thatmightbeevenbetter.D.Theapplicationformconsistedofonlyfourquestions.E.Imaginewhatcomesintoyourmindstraight.F.ThethemeoftheexhibitionisG.MoneyforDoingNothing【答案】16-20BDCAF【解析】这是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍德国大学为“不作为”的申请人提供奖学金以及这项活动的目的。16.下文“Theapplicantscouldsubmittheirwordsofself-recommendationuntil15Septemberandwouldhavetoprovethattheirchosenareaof“activeinactivity(不活动)”wasparticularlyimpressiveorrelevant.(申请人可以在9月1521,日之前自荐,并必须证明他们所选择的特别令人印象深刻或相关的不活动区域。)”具体说明对申请人的要求。B项中的“applicantsfromacrossGermany”与下文一致,提到为申请人发放奖学金,故选B项。17.下文“Whatdon’tyouwanttodo?Forhowlongdon’tyouwanttodoit?Whyisitimportantnottodothisthinginparticular?Whyareyoutherightpersonnottodoit?(你不想做什么?你不想做这件事有多久了?为什么不做这件事是尤为重要的?为什么你是不做这件事的人?)”提出四个问题。D项中“onlyfourquestions”与下文一致,故选D项。18.上文“Forinstance,ifyousayyouarenotgoingtomoveforaweek,thenthat’simpressive.(例如,如果你说你打算一周不动,那就太令人印象深刻了)”列举了不活动的例子。C项中的“move”与上文中的move一致,而且句式一致,都是在举例,故选C项。19.上文“Thisprogramisnotajokebutanexperimentwithseriousintentions-(这个项目并不是一个玩笑,而是一个有严肃意图的实验)”引出后文提出的该项目的意图。A项“howcanyouturnasocietythatisstructuredaroundachievementsandaccomplishmentsonitshead?(你如何改变一个由成就和成绩构成的社会呢?)”具体说出这项活动的目的意图,故选A项。20.上文“anexhibitionnamedTheSchoolofInconsequentiality”提到了一个展览,再结合下文“Whatcanyourefrain(克制)fromsothatyourlifehasfewernegativeconsequencesonthelivesofothers?(我可以避免什么,这样我的生活对他人生活的负面影响会更少?)”可知,此处承接上文,介绍展览的主旨,与F项的theexhibition与上文中的anexhibition相对应,故选F项。第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分30分)第一节完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。My14-year-oldson,John,andIspottedthecoatatthesametimeatasecond-handclothingstore.Ithadablackvelvet(丝绒)collar,delightfultailoring,aFifthAvenuelabelanda(an)___21___priceofmerely$28.Welookedateachother,sayingnothing,butJohn’seyes___22___.Dark,woolentopcoatswerepopularjustthenwithteenagers,butcouldcostseveralhundreddollarsnow.Johnputthecoatonand___23___it.Heturnedfromsidetoside,___24___himselfinthemirrorwithaserious,studied___25___thatsoonchangedintoasmile.It’saperfect___26___.Johnworethecoattoschoolthenextdayandcamehomewearingabigsmile.“Howdidthekidslikeyourcoat?”Iasked.“Theyloveit.”Hesaid,carefully___27___itonthechair21,andsmoothingitflat.Overthenextfewweeks,the___28___cameoverJohn.Quiet,reasoneddiscussion___29___argument.Hebecamemorethoughtfulandeagerto___30___.“Gooddinner,Mum,”hewouldsayeveryevening.OnedaywhenI___31___thathestartonhomeworkbeforedinner,Johnsaid,“Youareright,andIguessIwill.”WhenIaskedoneofhisteachers___32___causedthechanges,shesaidwithlaughter,“Itmustbehiscoat!”JohnandIbothknowweshouldnever___33___aperson’sclothesfortherealpersonwithinthem.Butitismeaningfulto___34___astandardofexcellencefortheworldtosee,topracticeastandardofexcellenceinthought,speechandbehavior,andto___35___whatisontheinsidewithwhatisontheoutside.21.A.specialB.reasonableC.unbelievableD.cheap22.A.closedB.shoneC.openedD.lowered23.A.buttonedB.touchedC.heldD.obtained24.A.feelingB.lookingC.glancingD.eyeing25.A.gestureB.expressionC.attitudeD.feeling26.A.colourB.priceC.fitD.fashion27.A.pressingB.takingC.throwingD.folding28.A.happinessB.satisfactionC.changeD.generosity29.A.madeB.replacedC.tookD.transformed30.A.pleaseB.complainC.admireD.apologize31.A.insistedB.suggestedC.askedD.commanded32.A.whatB.whenC.thatD.how33.A.watchB.judgeC.mistakeD.consider34.A.doB.wearC.speakD.show35.A.compareB.fillC.mixD.match【答案】21-25CBADB26-30CDCBA31-35BACBD【解析】这是一篇记叙文。本文介绍作者的儿子因为穿了优雅的外套,言行举止都发生了变化,说明我们的内在要和穿的衣服匹配,年轻人要选择正确的人生方向。21.考查形容词词义辨析。句意:黑色天鹅绒领口,赏心悦目的剪裁,有第五大道的商标,令人难以置信的价格只有28美元。A.special特别的;B.reasonable合理的;C.unbelievable难以置信的;D.cheap21,便宜的。根据“priceofmerely$28”可知,价格低的令人难以置信。故选C。22.考查动词词义辨析。句意:我们面面相觑,什么也没说,但约翰的眼睛却亮了起来。A.closed关闭;B.shone发光;C.opened打开;D.lowered降低。根据“priceofmerely$28”可知,现在的28美元的价格是令人难以置信的。根据“but”及下文“Dark,woolentopcoatswerepopularjustthenwithteenagers.”可知,约翰喜欢这件衣服所以眼睛闪着光。故选B。23.考查动词词义辨析。句意:约翰穿上外衣,扣上扣子。A.buttoned扣……的纽扣;B.touched触摸;C.held保持,持有;D.obtained获得。根据“Johnputthecoaton”可知,此处表示穿上外套并且扣上扣子。故选A。24.考查动词词义辨析。句意:他在镜子里转来转去,用一种严肃的、专注的表情打量着自己,不久就变成了微笑。A.feeling感觉;B.looking看;C.glancing瞥一眼;D.eyeing注视。根据“himselfinthemirror”可知,他注视着镜子里的自己。故选D。25.考查名词词义辨析。句意同上。A.gesture手势;B.expression表情;C.attitude态度;D.feeling感觉,感情。根据前文“withaserious”及“thatsoonchangedintoasmile.”可知,是表情发生了变化。故选B。26.考查名词词义辨析。句意:它非常合适。A.colour颜色;B.price价格;C.fit合适;D.fashion时尚。根据“thatsoonchangedintoasmile.”和“perfect”可知,此处表示衣服非常合身。故选C。27.考查动词词义辨析。句意:他说着,在椅子上小心地把衣服叠起来,并把它展平。A.pressing挤,压;B.taking拿走;C.throwing投掷,扔;D.folding折叠。根据“onthechairandsmoothingitflat.”可知,此处表示把衣服叠好放在椅子上。故选D。28.考查名词词义辨析。句意:在接下来的几个星期里,约翰发生了变化。A.happiness幸福,快乐;B.satisfaction满足;C.change变化;D.generosity慷慨,大方。根据“Hebecamemorethoughtfulandeagerto____30____.”可知,John发生了变化。故选C。29.考查动词词义辨析。句意:安静、理性的讨论取代了争论。A.made制作;B.replaced取代,代替;C.took拿走;D.transformed转换,转化。根据下句“Hebecamemorethoughtfulandeagerto___30___.”可知,安静、理性的讨论取代了争论。故选B。30.考查动词词义辨析。句意:他变得更体贴,也更想讨好别人。A.please使高兴;B.complain抱怨;C.admire倾佩;D.apologize道歉。根据““Gooddinner,Mum,”hewouldsayeveryevening.”可知,please与and前内容语境相符。故选A。31.考查动词词义辨析。句意:有一天当我建议他在晚饭前开始做作业时,约翰说:“你是对的,我想我会做的。”A.insisted坚持;B.suggested建议;C.asked问;D.commanded命令,指挥。根据“that21,hestartonhomeworkbeforedinner,”可知,此处表示作者提出的建议。故选B。32.考查宾语从句。句意:当我问他的一位老师是什么导致了这种变化时,她笑着说:“一定是他的外套!”空处引导宾语从句,从句缺少主语,指事物,用what引导。故选A。33.考查动词词义辨析。句意:约翰和我都知道我们不应该把一个人的衣服和他的内在混为一谈。A.watch观看;B.judge评判;C.mistake误会,误解;D.consider考虑。mistake...for…把……错当成……,固定搭配。根据“aperson’sclothesfortherealpersonwithinthem”可知这里意思是约翰和我都知道我们不应该把一个人的衣服和他的内在混为一谈。故选C。34.考查动词词义辨析。句意:但是,为世人树立优秀的标准,在思想、语言和行为上践行优秀的标准,使内外接轨,这也很有意义。A.do做;B.wear穿着;C.speak说话;D.show展示。由上下文语境可知,作者讨论的是穿着问题,故用wear。故选B。35.考查动词词义辨析。句意同上。A.compare比较;B.fill填满,满足;C.mix混合;D.match匹配。match...with...和……匹配……,固定搭配。根据“whatisontheinsidewithwhatisontheoutside.”可知这里意思是使内外匹配,这很有意义。故选D。第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)第二部分英语知识运用第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。Theworld’soceansreachedtheirhottestlevelinrecordedhistorylastyear,supercharging(加剧)extremeweatherevents,scientistshavereported.Theyfoundthatthefivehottestrecordedyearsintheoceans___36___(occur)since2015,andthattherateofheatingsince1986waseighttimeshigherthan___37___from1960-85.Oceanscover71%oftheplanetandwatercanabsorbthousandsoftimesmoreheatthanair,___38___iswhy93%ofglobalheatingistakenupbyseas.Hotteroceansdestroyrainfallpatterns,which___39___(lead)tofloods,droughtsandwildfires.Heatalsocausesseawater___40___(expand)anddrivesupsealevels.Scientistsexpectabout1metreofsealevelrisebytheendofthecentury,___41___(threaten)150millionpeople.Highertemperaturesintheseasarealsoharmingmarine(海洋的)life,with___42___numberofoceanheatwavesincreasing___43___(sharp).21,Thestudyalsofindsthatthesinkingofsurfacewatersandupwellingofdeeperwaterisreducingastheseasheatup.Thismeansthesurfacelayersheatsupevenfurtherandfewernutrientsformarinelifearebroughtupfromthe___44___(deep).“Theoceansreachedyetanothernewrecordlevelofwarmthin2020,___45___arecorddropinglobalcarbonemissions(排放).Theplanetwillcontinuetowarmupaslongasweemitcarbonintotheatmosphere,”saidProfMichaelMannofPennStateUniversity.【答案】36.hadoccurred37.that38.which39.leads40.toexpand41.threatening42.the43.sharply44.depths45.despite【解析】这是一篇说明文。科学家发现,去年海洋水温达到有史以来最热的水平,加剧了极端天气事件。36.考查动词时态。根据从句的时间状语since2015可知,从句谓语应使用完成时态。因为主句的谓语动词found为过去时,根据主从句时态一致的原则,故答案为hadoccurred。37.考查代词。that出现在比较结构中,代替前面的名词therate。38.考查定语从句。这是一个非限制性定语从句,which引导的定语从句修饰前面的整个主句。39.考查谓语动词。从上下文可以看出,lead应使用一般现在时态。从句主语which代替的是主句Hotteroceansdestroyrainfallpatterns的内容,所以选用单数形式。40.考查非谓语动词。根据句子中cause的用法causesb.todosth.可以判断出,此处应采用不定式形式。41.考查非谓语动词。科学家推断about1metreofsealevelrisebytheendofthecentury会威胁到1.5亿人的安全,这里是现在分词作状语。42.考查冠词。thenumberof21,指的是……的数量。随着海洋热浪的增加,海洋温度的升高也对海洋生物造成危害。43.考查副词。sharply修饰前面的动词increasing。44.考查名词。通过分析句子成分可知,这里应选用名词形式。depths指的是深处,与前面的thesurfacelayers相对应。45.考查介词。根据句意,尽管全球碳排放量创纪录地下降,但海洋在2020年达到了又一个创纪录的暖化水平。前后文之间为让步关系,所以填介词despite。第三部分写作(共两节,满分40分)第一节应用文写作(满分15分)假如你是红星中学高三(1)班学生李华。你的英国笔友Jim对中国的数字化生活很感兴趣,来信询问相关情况。请你给他回邮件,内容包括:1.介绍你身边的数字化生活;2.阐述你的看法;3.询问对方情况。注意:1.词数80左右;2.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。DearJim,____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Yours,LiHua【答案】Possibleversion1:DearJim,Gladtoknowyou’reinterestedinthedigitallifeofChinese,I’dliketotellyousomething21,aboutitaroundme.Totellyouthetruth,Ican’thelpfeelingamazedatthegreatchangesthatdigitallifehasbroughttous.Withasmartphoneinhand,Icandoalmostanything.Justnameafewonthelist–learningonline,gettingmedicalserviceontheInternetandshoppingwithaclick.IcaneventravelacrossChinawithouttakingcash!Asayoungstudent,Isurelyenjoylivinginsuchadigitalworld.Itgivesmeeasyaccesstoabundantresources,newsandlearningmaterialsalike.IfonlyIwish,itoffersthechancetobettermyself,physicallyormentally.However,thedigitallifealsohasitsdownsides.ManyelderlyChinesefeelleftbehind,includingmygrandparents.SoIoftentrytohelpthemkeepup.Howaboutthedigitallifeinyourcountry?Lookingforwardtoyourreply.Yours,LiHuaPossibleversion2:DearJim,LearningthatyouareinterestedinthedigitallifeofChinese,I’dliketotellyousomethingaboutitaroundme.Youknow,theadvanceddigitaltechnologyhaschangedourlifestylefundamentally.Tome,Icanalmostpayeverythingviaamobilephone,suchastransportation,foodandentertainment.Mycityhasupgradedservices,andwecanpaybillsonline,includingelectricity,gas,waterandheating.Wecanalsoenjoyreadingfrome-libraries,visitingvirtualmuseumsandevengetmedicalservicesonline.Ifeelthedigitallifehasbroughtgreatconveniencetousandimprovedourlifeandworkinawaybeyondimagination.IfonlyIwish,Icanaccessabundantresourcesandbettermyselfacademicallyandphysically.However,itdoeshaveitsdownside.Thebiggestoneistheriskofprivacyanddataleak,whichdeservesbettercoping.Anotheristhatmanyelderlygetleftbehind.Ifeeltheyounghaveadutytohelpthemkeepup.Howaboutthedigitallifeinyourcountry?Lookingforwardtoyourreplyandyourcomingtoexploreourdigitalworldoneday.Yours,21,LiHua【解析】本篇书面表达属于应用文,要求考生给英国笔友Jim写封邮件,向他介绍中国的数字化生活。第一步:审题体裁:应用文时态:根据提示,时态主要为一般现在时。结构:总分法总分法指把主题句作为总说,把支持句作为分说,并以这种方式安排所写内容。要求:1.介绍你身边的数字化生活;2.阐述你的看法;3.询问对方情况。第二步:列提纲(重点词组)beinterestedin;wouldliketo;Totellsb.thetruth;can’thelpdoing;enjoydoing;accessto;leavebehind;tryto;keepup;howabout;lookforwardto第三步:连词成句1.Gladtoknowyou’reinterestedinthedigitallifeofChinese,I’dliketotellyousomethingaboutitaroundme.2.Totellyouthetruth,Ican’thelpfeelingamazedatthegreatchangesthatdigitallifehasbroughttous.3.Asayoungstudent,Isurelyenjoylivinginsuchadigitalworld.4.ManyelderlyChinesefeelleftbehind,includingmygrandparents.5.SoIoftentrytohelpthemkeepup.6.Howaboutthedigitallifeinyourcountry?7.Lookingforwardtoyourreply.根据提示及关键词(组)进行遣词造句,注意主谓一致和时态问题。第四步:连句成篇(衔接词)(供参考)1.表文章结构顺序:Firstofall,Firstly/First,Secondly/Second…Andthen,Finally,Intheend,Atlast2.表并列补充关系:Whatismore,Besides,Moreover,Furthermore,InadditionAswellas,notonly…but(also),including,21,3.表转折对比关系:However,Onthecontrary,but,Although+clause(从句),Inspiteof+n/doing,Ontheonehand…,Ontheotherhand…Some…,whileothers…,asfor,so…that…4.表因果关系:Because,As,So,Thus,Therefore,Asaresult连句成文,注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接与过渡,书写一定要规范清晰。[高分句型1]Gladtoknowyou’reinterestedinthedigitallifeofChinese,I’dliketotellyousomethingaboutitaroundme.这句话运用了省连接词that的宾语从句。[高分句型2]IfonlyIwish,itoffersthechancetobettermyself,physicallyormentally.这句话运用了不定式第二节(满分25分)阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。ThestoryofmynewfamilymemberWefoundalonelydogafewweeksago,walkingalongtheroadinthecountryside.Allofasudden,hewasjumpingoncars,andatthesametimewethoughtmaybehisfamilywascampingsomewhereintheneighboringareas.Asaconsequencewepassedhimbywithouthesitation.Afewhourslater,onourreturntrip,hewasstillinthesameplace,againandagain,makinganattempttogetpeopletostopforhim.Whenhecaughtsightofusapproaching,helaydowninthemiddleoftheroad,sowefailedtogetaroundhim.Myfatherbrakedhard,pulledupandlookedaroundforafewminutes,tryingtofigureoutwhetheranyonearoundfromwhomhehadbeenseparated.Aftergettingoffthecar,wecheckedthedogcarefully.Itdidn’tappearso.Thenwetookagoodlookatthepoorbutcutedog.Hegazedatuseagerlywithgloomyeyes.Wecircledaroundhiminatotalsilence.Wehadanoverwhelmingdesiretofindoutwhatwaswrongwithhim.Unfortunately,wecouldn’tfindanyclues.Hehadnocollarandhewasreallytoothin.Eventuallywedecidedthathehadbeenabandoned.Weshowedgreatsympathyforthepoordog.Howhelplesshewasonsuchanoccasion!Hewashomelessandhehadnoonetorelyon.Onseeingthescene,wecouldn’thelpbeggingmyparentstoraisehim.Mymotheragreedexcitedly,“Ilovethislovelydog.Howpoorheis!Itishightimethatweshouldbringhimhome.”Shestaredatthedogwithtearswellingupinhereyes.Weknewmymotherwaswilling21,toadoptthedogbecauseshewassosweetandsheloveddogsverymuch.Myfatherthoughtitwasdangeroustoraiseadogduetothefactthatweweretooyoung.注意:1.续写词数应为150左右;2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。Myfathersaidfirmly,“Ifhedoesn’tbitemewhenItrytopickhimuptoputhiminthecar,thenwehaveanewdog.”______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Wetookhimtothevet(兽医),whosaidthedogappearedtobeingoodhealth.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________【答案】Onepossibleversion:Myfathersaidfirmly,“Ifhedoesn’tbitemewhenItrytopickhimuptoputhiminthecar,thenwehaveanewdog.”Thedoghappilyjoineduswithnofightatall,theonlythingwewereindangerofwasgettinglicked.Hekeptstickinghisheadbetweenthetwofrontseatsandthankedusforpickinghimup.Thedoghadclearlybeenontheroadforsometime,hewasreallytoothin.Sowefedhimalotoverthecourseofthenexttwoweeksstrivingtolookafterhimwiththehopethathewouldgetstronger.Unfortunately,alloureffortswereinvain.Hewasstillverythin.Wetookhimtothevet,whosaidthedogappearedtobeingoodhealth.Thevetguessedthedogwasabouttwoyearsold.Hegavethedogalltherequiredshotsandsentusonourway.“Amazing!Thedogishealthy.”Mymothersaidinanexcitedvoice.Sothrilledwerewethatweheadedhome21,immediately.Wedidloveournewfamilymember.Thedogwasasweetcompaniontoourfamily,whowasaquicklearnerandknewhowtorespondtodifferentinstructions.Welearnedalessonfromtheexperiencethatkindnessandsympathymadeabigdifferencetoourlife.【解析】本文以作者家收养的一条流浪狗为线索展开,讲述了作者一家在乡间的路上,一条看上去很瘦弱的流浪狗不断地阻拦过往的车辆,试图找到家人,作者一家最终确定这是一条被遗弃的狗后,打算收养它。1.段落续写:①由第一段首句内容“我父亲坚定地说:‘如果我把它抱起来放进车里时它不咬我,那么我们就有一只新狗。’”可知,第一段可描写作者一家收养这条流浪狗的过程。②由第二段首句内容“我们带他去看兽医,他说这只狗看起来健康状况良好。”可知,第二段可描写作者一家很高兴收养了一条健康的狗,然后快乐地回家了。2.续写线索:狗狗没有反抗——照顾——狗狗还很瘦——看兽医——健康——回家——感悟3.词汇激活(一个词汇要写出相近的表达)行为类①照顾:lookafter/takecareof/attend②回家:gobackhome/returnhome情绪类兴奋:happy/excited/thrilled[高分句型1]Sothrilledwerewethatweheadedhomeimmediately.(使用倒装句型)[高分句型2]Thedogwasasweetcompaniontoourfamily,whowasaquicklearnerandknewhowtorespondtodifferentinstructions.(由关系代词who引导非限制性定语从句)[高分句型3]Welearnedalessonfromtheexperiencethatkindnessandsympathymadeabigdifferencetoourlife.(that引导的同位语从句)21
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