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山西省怀仁市2022届高三英语上学期期中试卷(附答案)
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怀仁市2021-2022学年度上学期期中高三教学质量调研测试英语(考试时间120分钟,满分150分)第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。例:Howmuchistheshirt?A.£19.15.B.£9.18.C.£9.15.答案是C。1.WhatdoesJimdo?A.Ateacher.B.Anofficer.C.Astudent.2.WhattimedidSuzyleavehome?A.4:30.B.5:00.C.5:15.3.Whatistheman’ssuggestion?A.Goingtotheconcert.B.Goingtoseeashow.C.Justwalkingaround.4.Howlonghastherainlasted?A.5days.B.6days.C.7days.5.Whatopiniondotheyholdontheirchemistrycourse?A.It’swellorganized.B.Itissatisfactory.C.Itisunsatisfactory.第二节(共15小题)听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答6、7题。6.Wheredoesthisconversationtakeplace?A.Inalibrary.B.Inaschool.C.Inabookstore.7.WhyisWilliamShakespearementioned(提及)intheconversation?A.Hegavegiftstomillionsofpeople.,B.Hewasaverywealthymaninhistimes.C.Hissignature(签名)isworthalotofmoney.听第7段材料,回答第8至11题。8.Whatarethemanandwomanlookingfor?A.Acomfortablehotel.B.Amodernhotel.C.Aninexpensivehotel.9.Whomdidthemanandwomanaskforhelp?A.Apolicewoman.B.Awaitress.C.Apasser-by.10.Wherecouldthemanandwomanfindahoteltheyneeded?A.Inthenextstreet.B.Nexttoabank.C.Two-minutedrivetothewest.11.Wheredidtheconversationmostlikelytakeplace?A.Inastreet.B.Inarestaurant.C.Inahotel.听第8段材料,回答第12至14题。12.Whatwouldthewomanliketodothisweekend?A.Goclimbing.B.Goshopping.C.Gofishing.13.WhatdoesthemanplantodoonSaturday?A.Checkhisschedule.B.Stayathome.C.Helphissistermove.14.Howwillthemangetintouchwiththewoman?A.Bymakingaphonecalltothewoman’shouse.B.Bymakingaphonecalltothewoman’smother’shouse.C.Bymakingacalltohercellphone.听第9段材料,回答第15至17题。15.Whatisthewomandoing?A.Listeningtomusic.B.Seeingafilm.C.Writingaletter.16.HowlongwillthewomanstayinJapan?A.Forayear.B.Foramonth.C.Fortwoyears.17.WhatwillthewomandobeforesheleavesforJapan?A.ReadmoreJapanesenovels.B.Attendalanguageclass.C.Applyforanewprogram.听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。18.Whatisthecauseoftheexplosion?A.Itisunknown.B.Theirtruckswereattacked.C.Atourbusslidoffahighway.,19.WhathappenedearlyonSaturdaymorning?A.ARussianrocketwassentup.B.Atourbusslidoffahighway.C.Threeaidworkerswerekilled.20.Howmanypeoplewerekilledinthegasexplosion?A.Atleast4.B.About30.C.Over40.第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。ADaxingInternationalAirportRegulationsforcertificates1.IfyournameonthepassportisEnglish,butontheticketitisChinese,youcannottakeadomesticflight.2.Thenameandotherinformationontheboardingpassmustbeconsistentwiththeinformationintheboardingdocument.Ifnot,thesecuritycheckwillnotallowtherelease.3.Theidentitydocumentheldbythepassengermustbethesameastheidentitydocumentusedthetimeofbooking.IftheIDnumberisinconsistentthesecuritycheckisnotallowed.4.Foreignpassengerscanbereleasedthroughsecuritycheckifthereisnospaceorbackslashintheirsurnameandfirstname.Itisrecommendedthatpassengersandairlinesconfirmwhetherboardingpassescanbechanged.Regulationsforshippingluggage1.DomesticflightNormally,20kgforeconomyclass,30kgforbusinessclassand40kgforfirstclasspassengerswithadultorchildtickets.2.InternationalflightIngeneral,thefreeshippedluggagelimitforeconomyclasspassengersis20kg,and30kgforeconomyclasspassengerswithstudentpassports.Theallowanceoffreeshippedluggageinbusinessclassis30kgand40kgforfirstclass.Wheelchairserviceforspecialpassengers,Youcanaskforwheelchairserviceinthegroundgarage,andthepersonnelwillaccompanyyoutoentertheterminal.21.Whatwillhappentoaforeignerifthereisnospaceinhissurnameandfirstname?A.Hecanpassthesecuritycheck.B.Hehastochangetheinformationonhisboardingpass.C.Hewillnotbeallowedtoboardtheplane.D.HehastoprovidehisIDnumber.22.IfacouplewanttoflytoHawaiifromDaxingInternationalAirport,theycantakeluggageforfreeatmost.A.60kgB.80kgC.40kgD.70kg23.HowlongwillittakefromBeijingtoChangsha?A.Aboutfourhours.B.Aboutthreehours.C.Abouttwohours.D.Aboutthreeandahalfhours.BPapa,asasonofadirt-poorfarmer,leftschoolearlyandwenttoworkinafactory,foreducationwasfortherichthen.So,theworldbecamehisschool.Withgreatinterest,hereadeverythinghecouldlayhishandson,listenedtothetowneldersandlearnedabouttheworldbeyondhistinyhometown."There'ssomuchtolearn,"he'dsay."Thoughwe'rebornstupid,onlythestupidremainthatway."Hewasdeterminedthatnoneofhischildrenwouldbedenied(拒绝)aneducation.Thus,Papainsistedthatwelearnatleastonenewthingeachday.Anddinnertimeseemedperfectforsharingwhatwehadlearned.Wewouldtalkaboutthenewsoftheday;nomatterhowinsignificant,itwasnevertakenlightly.Papawouldlistencarefullyandwasreadywithsomecomment,alwaystothepoint.,Thencamethemoment-thetimetosharetheday'snewlearning.Papa,attheheadofthetable,wouldpushbackhischairandpouraglassofredwine,readytolisten."Felice,"he'dsay,"tellmewhatyoulearnedtoday.""learnedthatthepopulationofNepalis"Silence.Papawasthinkingaboutwhatwassaid,asifthesalvation(拯救)oftheworldwoulddependuponit."ThepopulationofNepal.Hmm.Well"he'dsay."Getthemap;let'sseewhereNepalis."AndthewholefamilywentonasearchforNepal.Thissameexperiencewasrepeateduntileachfamilymemberhadaturn.Dinnerendedonlyafterwehadaclearunderstandingofatleasthalfadozensuchfacts.Aschildren,wethoughtverylittleabouttheseeducationalwonders.Ourfamily,however,wasgrowingtogether,sharingexperiencesandparticipatinginoneanother’seducation.Andbylookingatus,listeningtous,respectingourinput,affirming(肯定)ourvalue;givingusasenseofdignity,Papawasunquestionablyourmostinfluentialteacher.Laterduringmytrainingasafutureteacherstudiedwithsomeofthemostfamouseducators.Theywereimparting(传授)whatPapahadknownallalongthevalueofcontinuallearning.Histechniquehasservedmewellallmylife.Notasingledayhasbeenwasted,thoughIcannevertellwhenknowingthepopulation,ofNepalmightproveuseful.24.Whatdoweknowfromthefirstparagraph?A.Thepoorcouldhardlyaffordschooleducation.B.Thosebornstupidcouldnotchangetheirlife.C.Thetownelderswantedtolearnabouttheworld.D.Theauthor'sfatherwasborninaworker'sfamily.25.Itcanbelearnedfromthepassagethattheauthor.A.enjoyedtalkingaboutnewsB.knewverywellaboutNepalC.appreciatedhisfather'seducationaltechniqueD.feltregretaboutthosewasteddays26.Whatisthegreatestvalueof"dinnertime"totheauthor?A.Showingtalents.B.Familyget-together.C.Continuallearning.D.WinningPapa'sapproval.27.Theauthor'sfathercanbebestdescribedas.A.awisemanwillingtosharehisknowledge,B.ateacherstrictabouteverythinghisstudentsdidC.aneducatorexpertattrainingfutureteachersD.aparentinsistentonhischildren'seducationCWhentheexplorersfirstsetfootuponthecontinentofNorthAmerica,theskiesandlandswerealivewithanastonishingvarietyofwildlife.NativeAmericanshadtakencareofthesepreciousnaturalresourceswisely.Unfortunately,ittooktheexplorersandthesettlerswhofollowedonlyafewdecadestodecimatealargepartoftheseresources.Millionsofwaterfowl(水禽)werekilledatthehandsofmarkethuntersandahandfulofoverlyambitioussportsmen.Millionsofacresofwetlandsweredriedtofeedandhousetheever-increasingpopulations,greatlyreducingwaterfowlhabitat.In1934,withthepassageoftheMigratoryBirdHuntingStampAct(Act),anincreasinglyconcernednationtookfirmactiontostopthedestructionofmigratory(迁徙的)waterfowlandthewetlandssovitaltotheirsurvival.UnderthisAct,allwaterfowlhunters16yearsofageandovermustannuallypurchaseandcarryaFederalDuckStamp.TheveryfirstFederalDuckStampwasdesignedbyJ.N."Ding"Darling,apoliticalcartoonistfromDesMoines,lowa,whoatthattimewasappointedbyPresidentFranklinRooseveltasDirectoroftheBureauofBiologicalSurvey.Hunterswillinglypaythestamppricetoensurethesurvivalofournaturalresources.About98centsofeveryduckstampdollargoesdirectlyintotheMigratoryBirdConservationFundtopurchasewetlandsandwildlifehabitatforinclusionintotheNationalWildlifeRefugeSystem-afactthatensuresthislandwillbeprotectedandavailableforallgenerationstocome.Since1934betterthanhalfabilliondollarshasgoneintothatFundtopurchasemorethan5millionacresofhabitat.LittlewondertheFederalDuckStampProgramhasbeencalledoneofthemostsuccessfulconservationprogramseverinitiated.28.WhatwasacauseofthewaterfowlpopulationdeclineinNorthAmerica?A.Arrivalofotherwildanimals.B.Popularityofwatersports.C.Pollutionofrivers.D.Lossofwetlands.29.Whatdoestheunderlinedword"decimate"meaninthefirstparagraph?A.Acquire.B.Destroy.C.Export.D.Distribute.30.WhatisadirectresultoftheActpassedin1934?,A.Thestamppricehasgonedown.B.Themigratorybirdshaveflownaway.C.Thegovernmenthascollectedmoney.D.Thehuntershavestoppedhunting.31.Whichofthefollowingisasuitabletitleforthetext?A.TheNationalWildlifeRefugeSystemB.TheFederalDuckStampStoryC.TheBenefitsofSavingWaterfowlD.TheHistoryofMigratoryBirdHuntingDThejourneyofahi-techmessageinabottlehasrevealedthedamageofplastic(塑料)pollution-asitwastrackedmorethan1,700milesinafewmonths.BritishresearchersputGPSandsatellitetagsin25plasticbottles,andleftthemtodrift(漂流)intheriverGanges(恒河)andBayofBengal(孟加拉湾)inIndia.Usingmobilephonesandsatellitenetworks,theteamtrackedthecontainersacrossthesea-withonecrossing1,768milesinjust94days.Theyhopethetechcouldbea"powerfultool"forraisingawarenessandchangingbehaviour."Ourmessageinabottletagshowshowfarandhowfastplasticpollutioncanmove,"saidleadauthorDrEmilyDuncan,oftheUniversityofExeter."Thisisatrulyglobalissue,asapieceofplasticdroppedinariveroroceancouldsoonbewashedupontheothersideoftheworld,"shesaid."BottlesintheGangesmovedinstagesandgotstuck-butonceatseacoveredgreaterdistances,followingcoastalcurrentsbeforedispersing(扩散)morewidely."The500mlcontainersweremadethesize,shapeandbuoyancy(浮力)ofonenormalplasticdrinkbottletocopythemovementofrealrubbish.Andopensourcehardwarewasusedfortheelectronicsinside,meaningresearcherscan"copy,modifyorimprovethesolutionwepresentedtotrackotherplastics,"theteamsaid."Thiscouldbeusedtoteachaboutplasticpollutioninschools,withchildrenabletoseewheretheirbottlegoes,"saidanotherresearcher."Datafromthesetagscouldfeedintoglobalmodelstogiveusaclearerpictureofhowplasticmovesacrosstheoceanandwhereitendsup."32.WhydidtheresearchersputGPSandsatellitetagsinthebottles?A.Tolearnthebottles’travelroute.B.Tomeasurethebottles’driftingtime.C.Topreventthebottlesfrombeinglost.D.Totestthesatellitenetworktechnology.33.WhatcanbeinferredaboutplasticpollutionaccordingtoEmilyDuncan?A.Ithascausedglobalconcern.B.Itspreadsmorequicklythanexpected.,C.Itcan’tbeeffectivelymonitored.D.Itcanbecontrolledintheearlystage.34.Whatcanweknowaboutthebottlesusedintheresearch?A.Theyarefullofrealrubbish.B.Theyhavemorebuoyancy.C.Theywon’tgetstuckatsea.D.Theyareofthesameshape.35.Whatisthelastparagraphmainlyabout?A.Theimportanceofdataanalysis.B.Thefindingsoftheteam.C.Thetracksofthebottles.D.Thebenefitoftheresearch.第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Openanappatyoursmartphoneandscanthecodebaronthegarbagecan.Whenyouthrowgarbageintothegarbagecan,itwillshowtheweightofthegarbageandthepointsyoucangetfromdoingso.36Itwillbecomemorepopularinthefuture.Yes,wearetalkingaboutthesmartgarbagecan.37Theenvironmentalproblemshavebecomeconstantheadachesinthedevelopmentofthosecities.Encouraginggarbageclassificationhasbecomeaneffectiveway.Insomecities,avarietyofmultifunctionalsmartgarbagecansarebeingputintouse.InBeijing,forexample,asmartgarbagecanisequippedwithanLEDscreen,whichnotonlyshowsnationalpoliciesongarbageclassificationbutalsoshowsthecorrectstepsforgarbagesorting.Itcanalsocalculatetheweightofthegarbageandtheaccumulatedpointsonecanget.Theycanbetradedforsomearticlesofdailyuse.38Itsbodyisactuallyascreen.ItisequippedwithsomeInternalsensors.Whenpeoplethrowgarbageintoit,theinternalsensorscanautomaticallytellthetypesofthegarbage.Meanwhile,peoplecanseehowtodealwiththem.39.Garbagedisposalisasmallissuethatinvolveseverybodyeachday.However,itisalsoabigissue.40Withsmartgarbagecansinourdailylife,theideaofgarbagesortingwillbecomemoreestablished.OurdreamofbuildingagreenerandmorebeautifulChinawillcometruesolongaswestarttomakesmallchangesrightnow.A.Garbagesortinghasbeenanewfashion.B.Anotherkindofgarbagecanisevensmarter.C.Itisnowonderthatresidentscheeredfortheirpresence.,D.Suchawayofhandlinggarbagehasappearedinsomecities.E.ItwillaffectChina’stransformationtowardsgreendevelopment.F.Over200milliontonsofgarbageisproducedeachyearinsomecities.G.Thegoodhabitofgarbageclassificationcanimprovethelivingenvironment.第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。Everysuperhero,nomatterhowsmall,needsacape(斗篷).ThatwasRobynRosen'smotivation41shestartedmakingsuperherocapesforkidswithcancer,heartdefects,andotherserious42.Itallbeganwhenshewas43acapeasabirthdaypresentforhernephew.RosenheardofagirlnamedBrennawhowas44harlequinichthyosis(丑角鱼鳞病),apotentially45skincondition.Anyonegoingthroughwhatshewasexperiencinghadtobetough."46Igotanidea,"Rosensays."Brennawasasuperhero!Shewas47acape."SoRosensentherone,andBrenna’smotherwas48Rosenfoundtenmorekidsonlineandsentouttenmorecapes.Beforelong,she49herjobatasoftwarecompanyto50herselffull-timetotinysnperheroes.com,awebsitewherepeoplecanbuy51capesforbravekidsfacingillnessor52.Since2013,Rosenandherstaffhavehadmorethan12,000hand-madecapes53tokidsinall50statesand15othercountries.Thecapescomeinpink,blue,purpleorredandcanbe54withthechild'sinitialsorsmallpatternsintheshapeofa55,afloweroracartoonfigure.Onerecipientwaseight-month-oldGabe,whowasbornwithacleftpalate(腭裂),whichcauses56facialfeatures.Rosen57himaredcapewithabrightyellowGinthecenter.Itwasamuch-needed58tothetinysuperheroandhisfamily."TheTinySuperherocommunityhasbeenawonderfulconnectiontohave,"saysGabe’smom."Infact,twoyearslater,we59bringGabe’scapewithustoeveryhospitalappointment.Everysuperhero,nomatterhowsmall,needsa60.41.A.untilB.thoughC.whenD.unless42.A.illnessB.anxietyC.failureD.loss,43.A.changingB.sewingC.cuttingD.buying44.A.battlingB.winningC.defeatingD.calming45.A.greatB.easyC.deadD.deadly46.A.InstantlyB.FrequentlyC.PreviouslyD.Occasionally47.A.infavorofB.inchargeofC.inneedofD.inhonorof48.A.frightenedB.delightedC.annoyedD.confused49.A.missedB.quittedC.movedD.fired50.A.involveB.engageC.decideD.devote51.A.newly-inventedB.hand-madeC.old-fashionedD.outdated52.A.creditB.healthC.disabilityD.situation53.A.deliveredB.exchangedC.spreadD.managed54.A.coveredB.maskedC.appliedD.decorated55.A.centerB.mindC.heartD.soul56.A.safeB.naturalC.rightD.distinct57.A.paidB.helpedC.sentD.kept58.A.liftB.promiseC.demandD.success59.A.hardlyB.stillC.everD.neither60.A.candleB.toyC.cakeD.cape第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。WeareproudthatYuanLongpingishonoredasChina's"fatherofhybridrice"forhiscontributionstothecountry'sfoodsecurity.He61(develop)thefirsthybridricevarietiesinthe1970sanduptonowhasbeenregardedasanationalheroforboostinggrainharvestsandhelpingtofeedtheworld'smostpopulous(人口稠密的)country.62(bear)inBeijinginSeptember1930,Yuanbeganhiscareerasanagrarian(土地的)researcherinthe1950s.Heoftensaidininterviews63hewasdriventoincreasericeoutputinChinabecauseofthehungerhehadwitnessed."Mylifetimepursuitis64(ensure)allpeoplestayawayfromhunger,"heoncesaid.In65decadesthatfollowed,Yuanwasassociatedwithsomeofthemostimportant66,(breakthrough)inhisfield.YuanwasawardedtheWorldFoodPrizein2004,for"pioneeringresearchthathelpedtransformChina67fooddeficiency(缺乏)tofoodsecuritywithinthreedecades".Inhislateryears,hewasalsoinvolvedinresearchinChinaandDubaiintogrowingcropsindiluted(稀释的)seawater.In2019,YuanwasawardedtheMedaloftheRepublic,thecountry's68(high)honour,forhiscontributiontoChina'sfoodsecurityand69(scientist)developmentofagriculture,aswellas70(increase)theworld’sfoodoutput.第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。Arnoldwaspaintinghiscarwhileheheardwhatsoundedlikeanexplosion.Hecalled911andthenheadtowardthescene.Adeadlycollisionwasoccurredbetweenatruckandaschoolbus.Oneofthestudent,Miles,whomanagedtoescapeoftheburningbus,wasbleedingfromacutonhishead.Arnoldwrappedatoweltightaroundhisheadandthencalledhisfather,GaylordHill.Thefatheraskedtotalkwithhisson,buttheteenhadtroubleheardwiththebandagearoundherhead.ThenMileswasairliftedtotheMedicalCenter,whichhisfatherwenttomeethim.GaylordHillsaidwhenhehadchance,heplannedtocallArnoldbackandthankhim.第二节书面表达(满分25分)对于高三的学生来说,时间管理无疑是至关重要的。但是事实上不是每位同学都足够重视,做事拖延。假定你是某中学高三的学生李华请在你校英语校报上写一封倡议书,呼吁同学们恰当地管理时间。表达要点:1.拖延的弊端;2.你的建议;3.发起倡议。注意:1.词数100左右;,2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3.开篇和结束语已为你写好,不计入总词数。Dearfellowstudents,Timemanagementiswithoutdoubtofvitalsignificance,especiallyforusSeniorThreestudents.LiHua,
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