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福建省龙岩市六县一中联考2021-2022学年高二英语上学期期中试卷(附答案)
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高二期中考试英语试卷注意事项:1.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名考生号、考场号、座位号填写在答题卡上。2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。例:Howmuchistheshirt?A.£19.15.B.£9.18.C.£9.15.答案是C。1.Whatdoesthemanintendtodo?A.Havealookatthewoman.B.Solveaproblemforthewoman.C.Borrowthenewspaperfromthewoman.2.Whatdidthemanwanttobebeforehewenttocollege?A.Ateacher.B.Amusician.C.Anactor.3.WhatdidthewomandolastSaturday?A.Sheattendedameeting.B.ShetravelledtoAtlanta.C.Shestayedathome.4.Whatarethespeakersmainlytalkingabout?A.Preparationsforaparty.B.Ahouse.C.Adinner.5.WhydidthewomanrefusetogotothecinemawithBob?A.Shedidn'tlikehim.B.Shehadquarreledwithhim.C.Shewastootiredthatday.第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分),听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。6.Whatistheprobablerelationshipbetweenthespeakers?A.Classmates.B.Neighbors.C.Couples.7.Howdoesthemanfeelnow?A.Angry.B.Excited.C.Surprised.听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。8.Whichpartofthehousedidthemanfinishpainting?A.Thefronthall.B.Thebedroom.C.Thekitchen.9.Howmanychildrendoesthemanhave?A.One.B.Two.C.Three.听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。10.Whydoesthemancallthewoman?A.Tocancelthetrip.B.TotalkwithJackandJane.C.Tochangethetimeofthetrip.11.WhendoesthemanplantotraveltoMichigan?A.Earlynextmonth.B.Nextweek.C.Tomorrow.12.Whatwillthemando?A.Gettheairtickets.B.CallJackandJane.C.Dealwithhisfamilyemergency.听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。13.WhatdidtheteachersdoafterTimmadetrouble?A.Theyalwayspunishedhim.B.Theytalkedtohisparents.C.Theyoftenlaughedwithhim.14.WhydidTimliedownwithhisbikeontopofhim?A.Togetawayfromschool.B.Tomakehismotherangry.C.Toplayajokeonhismother.15.WhatdoweknowaboutTim?A.Heworkedhardatschool.B.Heusedtositaloneatschool.C.Heoftenplayedjokesonhisteachers.16.WhatattitudedidTim'smotherhavetowardshim?,A.Tolerant.B.Cautious.C.Unfriendly.听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。17.WhatdoesTom'sfatherexpecthimtobeinthefuture?A.Anartist.B.Adoctor.C.Ateacher.18.WhereisTomstudyingnow?A.Inanartschool.B.Inamedicalschool.C.Inahighschool.19.WhatdoesTomthinkofhisfuture?A.It'suncertain.B.It'sbright.C.It'sunreal.20.Whatcanwelearnfromthespeech?A.Childrenshouldrealizeparents'dreams.B.Childrenshouldrejectparents'suggestions.C.Childrenmaybeinfluencedbyparents'decisions.第二部分阅读(共两节,满分50分)第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。AHerearesomeparksinwhichtherearefunfamily-friendlyactivities.Youcanmakethemgreatdestinationsforholidaysandsummerbreaks.CapeHatterasNationalSeashore,NCTheCapeHatterasNationalSeashoreisanamazingdestinationforrecreatingandrelaxing.Theseashorehasmanybeautifulbeachesforthewholefamilytoexploreandenjoy.Kidscanspendvacationtimesearchingforshellsandbirding.Glacier(冰川)NationalPark,MTTheparkoffersvisitorstheopportunitytoexploretheamazingwildernessofMontana,throughbiking,campingandhiking.Thebesttimetovisititistheearlysummer.Childrenwilllovealloftheopenareastoexplore,andcanenjoylearningaboutwildlife.GrandCanyonNationalPark,AZTheparkisatruemust-seedestination.Theenormouscanyon(峡谷)atitswidestis18mileswideandatitsdeepestisamiledeep.DuringthesummermonthsboththeSouthandNorthRimare,open.Thewholefamilycanenjoyhikingandscenicdrives.Besides,Muletripscaninterestyourkidsmost.GrandTetonNationalPark,WTGrandTetonNationalParkisanamazinglocationtoenjoytheundevelopedlandscapeandwildlifeofWyoming.Theparkisopenyearroundandoffersawiderangeofrecreationalactivitiesforthewholefamilyaswellassummerclassesforchildren.Visitorscanhike,bike,camp,fishandboat.Duringwintervisitorscanenjoyskiing.21.WhatcanchildrendoatGlacierNationalPark,MT?A.Fish.B.Swim.C.Learnaboutwildlife.D.Searchforshells.22.Inwhichplacecanchildrenattendsummerclasses?A.CapeHatterasNationalSeashore,NC.B.GrandTetonNationalPark,WY.C.GrandCanyonNationalPark,AZ.D.GlacierNationalPark,MT.23.Whatdothefourdestinationshaveincommon?A.Thereareglaciersinthem.B.Visitorscanskiinthemduringwinter.C.Theyarelocatedinthewidecanyon.D.Theyaresuitableforchildren.BWheneveranewpersonwalksthroughthegatesoftheScienceofSpiritualityMeditation(冥想)andEcologyCentreinRichmond,oneoftenhearsthewords,"Ineverknewsuchaplaceexisted.It'ssopeacefulandthegardensaresobeautiful."In2005,thiscentrewasanoldschool,withahistorygoingbackto1904.Rabbitshaddamagedthefoundations(地基)andratsranalonglitteredhallways.ThetrafficroaringalongStevestonHighwaywashardlybeneficialtomeditation,andfreshair!Neitherdidwehavesufficientfundsatthetimetocarryoutapurchase.Buttherewashope,wildhope!Wehadavision.Wecouldmakeitareality.OurgroupwasinspiredtotakethisstepunderthelovingguidanceofSantRajinderSinghJiMaharaj,alivingMasterinanancientfamilyofspiritualexperts.Despitethesmallsizeofourlocalcharity,wetookchancestopurchasethisplacethatspoketousatsomeverydeeplevel.Generousdonationsandeffortflowedinfrommembersatexactlytherighttime.Thus,wecouldbeginthephysicaloriginsoftheSOSMeditationandEcologyCentre.Andtocreateittookagreatdealofsweatefforts.Gardensweredugandplantedbyvolunteers.,Brothersandsistersworkedtogether.Overthefollowingyears,beautifulgardenswereestablishedandeveryinchoftheoldbuildingandrooftookonanewlook.Fromawishfuldreamandalovinghandful,thisspecialplace,withitsgreengardens,becameareality.TheCentrehasbecomeasignoflightandloveinamaterialisticsociety,whereseekersfindpeace,joy,helpinmeditation,friendshipandanopportunitytogrowspiritually.24.Whatcanweinferfromparagraph2?A.Thefoundersintendedtogiveupthecenteratthebeginning.B.Thefoundershadsufficientfundstocarryouttheproject.C.Thecentrewasnotoriginallysuitedformeditation.D.Thecentrewasaschoolwithgoodenvironment.25.Howwasthecentrefounded?A.Withthehelpoftheoldschool.B.Withthecontributionsofgenerouspeople.C.Withthefundsdonatedbyaspiritualexpert.D.Withthelocalgovernment'sfinancialsupport.26.Whichwordcanbestdescribethemembers?A.Rude.B.Distant.C.Selfless.D.Conventional.27.Whatistheauthor'spurposeofwritingthetext?A.Totellthestoryabouttheconstructionofthecentre.B.Tointroduceanoldschooltoreaders.C.Tocallforpeopletomeditate.D.Toexplaintheinfluenceofmeditationonaveragepeople.CAsashort-distancetrackandfieldrunnerathighschoolandcollege,Ioftenfoundmyselfwonderingwhichoftheeightorsometimesninelanes(跑道)onthetrackwasthefastest.Itwasconventionalwisdomthatthemiddlelanes-lanesthreethroughsix-werethebest.Thisidea,inaway,isbakedintotherulesoftrackandfield.Ineventswithmultipleheats-fromthecollegelevelallthewaytotheOlympics-thepeoplewhorunfastertimesinearlierheatsareassignedtomiddlelanesinlaterheats.Inotherwords,thefastestrunnersarerewardedwithwhatare,supposedly,betterlaneassignment(分配).,Using20yearsoftrackandfielddatafromtheInternationalAssociationofAthleticsFederations,Ifoundthatthelong-heldbeliefsaboutlaneadvantagesarenotsupportedbythedata.Andinfact,forthe200-metersprint(冲刺),theevidencesuggeststhatlanesoftenregardedastheleastdesirableareactuallythefastest.Inmostraces,thefastestrunnersareassignedtothemiddlelanesaccordingtothecompetitionrules.Notsurprisingly,thefastestrunners-whoareinthemiddlelanes-oftenwin.Aretheseracerswinningbecausethoselanesarethefastestorbecausethoserunnerstendtobethefastest?Nexttimeyou'rewatchinganyoftheshortertrackandfieldeventsintheOlympics,listenandseeifanyonerepeatstheoldadagethatthemiddlelanesarethefastest.Thedatashowsthisisn'ttrue,soifsomeoneintheoutsidelanestakesasurprisegold,you'llknowitisnotbecauseoftheirlaneassignment,butbecausetheywereaslowqualifier(入围者).28.Whatwasthetraditionalbeliefinthetrackandfieldlanes?A.Alllaneswerethesame.B.Theinnerlaneswerethebest.C.Theoutsidelaneswerethebest.D.Themiddlelaneswerethebest.29.Howdidtheauthorgethisfinding?A.Byusingotherresearchresults.B.Byreferringtolong-termdata.C.Bywatchingthelatestsprinters'competition.D.Byexperimentingwhichlanewasthefastest.30.Whatdoestheunderlinedword"adage"probablymeaninparagraph5?A.Saying.B.Style.C.Package.D.Stage.31.Whichofthefollowingdoestheauthorapproveof?A.Losingracerstendtobeintheslowestlane.B.Winningracerstendtobeinthefastestlane.C.Winningracersoftenrunfastest.D.Racerswinbecausetheirlanesarethefastest.DOffthecoastofFormentera,anisland,livesseagrassthatstretches15kilometres.Theseagrass,coveringseveralhectares,ismadeupofasingleorganism.Thegrassesarealsolong-lived,fortensorhundredsofthousandsofyears.Alongwithtwootherkindsofcoastalecosystems-mangroveswamps(红树沼泽)andtidalmarshes,seagrassmeadowsareparticularlygoodattakingcarbondioxidefromtheair.Thisrolewashighlightedinareport,whichwaspublishedonMarch2ndbyUNESCO,onbluecarbon-thecarbontakeninbyEarth'soceanicandcoastalecosystems.Intotalaround33billiontons,ofcarbondioxide,aboutthree-quartersoftheworld'semissions(排放)in2019,arelockedawayintheplanet'sbluecarbonsinks(碳汇).ResearchbyCarlosDuarte,thereport'sauthorandamarineecologist,hasshownthatonehectareofseagrasscansuckasmuchcarbondioxideeachyearas15hectaresofrainforest.Onereasonthatblue-carbonecosystemsmakesucheffectivesinksisthatunderwaterforestsarethickerthantheland-basedwoods.Theycanalsotrapfloatingpiecesandorganicmatter,whichsettlesontheseafloorandcandoubletheamountofcarbonstoredaway.Theyhaveanotheradvantage,too.Climatechangeisleadingtomorewildfiresaroundtheworld.Asforestsburn,theircarbonstocksarereleasedbackintotheatmosphere.Unlikeforestsonland,blue-carbonecosystemsdonotburn.Blue-carbonecosystemsmaynotbefired,buttheyremainaffectedtoothersortsofdisasters.InMay2020hurricaneAmphandestroyed1,200squarekilometresofmangroveforest.Amarine(海洋的)heatwaveinAustralianwatersin2010and2011damagedaroundonethirdoftheworld'slargestseagrassmeadowinSharkBay."Mangroveforestscanweakenorcontrolwavesandprovidenaturalbarrierstostormsurges.Protectingandexpandingthem,then,appearstobeamust,"saidamarinebiologist.32.Whatdoesthesecondparagraphmainlytalkabout?A.Therealdefinitionofbluecarbon.B.Thespecialfeaturesoftheseagrass.C.Thedoubtabouttheblue-carbonecosystems.D.Thecapacityoftheblue-carbonecosystemstostorecarbon.33.Whycantheblue-carbonecosystemsmakesucheffectivesinks?A.Theyaren'tinfluencedbynaturaldisasters.B.Theyhavegreatabilitytoabsorbcarbon.C.Theircarbonstocksarereleasedback.D.Therearemoreunderwateranimals.34.Whatdothemarinebiologist'swordsmean?A.Humansshouldpreserveblue-carbonecosystems.B.Mangroveforestscanstrengthenwaves.C.Mangroveforestsaretoostrongtobebroken.D.Blue-carbonecosystemscanbefired.35.Whatisthebesttitleforthetext?A.Blue-CarbonEcosystemAreExpandingMuchFasterB.TheGrassesCanStoreMoreCarbonThanYourExpectation,C.MangroveForestsCanControlWavesEfficientlyD.PlantsintheOceanAreBetteratStoringCarbon第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Overyearswithtechnologyandchangesinlifestyle,theconsumptionofprocessedfoodhasbecomeverypopular.Tomakecookingeffortless,quickanddelicious,processedfoodturnsouttobeanenormousbusinesstoday.36Sinceearlyages,peoplehavebeenpreservingfoodwithvariedtechniquessuchassaltpreservation,fermentation(发酵),drying,andsoon.Foodiseithermechanically(机械地)orchemicallyprocessedtoincreaseshelflifeandensureitisfreefromharmfulmicrocreatures.37What'smore,processedfoodisverypopularnowadaysbecauseofthetasteandflavorsitofferstoitsconsumers.Processedfoodusesartificialflavors,preservatives,addedcolors,andmanychemicals.Itoffersaheavycaloriedoseandlessnutrition,makingitanunhealthyoption.Besides,someprocessedfoodcontainstoomuchsugar,salt,andfats,whichareextremelyharmfultohealth.38Youneedtobeawareofwhatyouareeating.Thewayitimpactsyourhealthisessentialtoahealthywell-being.Somelifestylechangescanhelptogetawayfromhealthrisksandensureahealthierlifestyle.Replacinghighlyprocessedfoodwithmoreorganicandnaturalfoodoptionsisimportant.3940Morestudiescanhelpinbringingupawarenessamongpeopleaboutitsharm.Limitingtheintakeofprocessedfoodandreplacingitwithhealthieroptionscanhelpovercomehealthrisksassociatedwithit.A.Itisverycommontoovereatprocessedfood.B.Suchachangecanhelpyouensureahealthylifestyle.C.Eatingsuchkindoffoodoftencancausehealthissues.D.Toomuchsugarintakeincreasestheriskofgettingoverweight.E.Processedfoodhasdevelopedrapidlybecauseofitsconvenience.F.However,animportantquestionisaboutthenutritionalvalueofit.G.Processedfoodislessnutritiousthannaturalandfreshlypreparedfood.,第三部分语言运用(共两节,满分30分)第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。Withage,andtheexperienceofachievinggreatsuccess,ithasbecomeclearthatphysicalwealth,power,fameandpossessions(财产)donotaddanythingsignificanttotheactuallyhappylife.Ifindhaving41isniceandallowsmetodomany.42thingsliketravellingalot.Ialwaysbuymanythings,butIfindthingsthatmakealifeworthlivingcannotbe43.Theycanonlybefoundinthe44Ihave.TheycanbewhatIgivetoothers,whatIaccept,andthewayI45toviewtheworld.It'smanysmallstepsthat46thejourneythatdeterminesthetrueimportanceofthedestination,notthe47itself.Inmyopinion,ifthedestinationisgreatwealth,Ithinkwewillfeelhappierafter48thatwealthifwestrugglehard,and49oursmallsuccessesalongtheway.Asforthoselottery(彩票)winners,thereisnojourney,nosenseofsuccess,andnomemoriesthatmakeupthepathtotheirwealth.Themoneyjustbecomesaconditionoftheirlife,notsomethingthat50themthesenseofpersonalachievement.Ienjoythewonderful51ofgivingtoothers.52andkindactswillfillmylifewiththekindoftreasures(珍宝)thatIcouldneverbuy-theycanonlybeattainedthroughgivinghelptoothers.Infact,whenyougive,you'lloften53thatevenmoreisgivenbacktoyou.Sopleasedoremembertobe54onthewaytowealth,andalwayskeepupthekindness,andyouwill55ahappylifeyouwant.41.A.memoryB.fameC.successD.wealth42.A.awfulB.secureC.splendidD.peaceful43.A.foldedB.containedC.boughtD.recycled44.A.exercisesB.experiencesC.performancesD.expressions15.A.pretendB.proveC.fearD.choose46.A.makeupB.pickupC.makeoutD.holdup47.A.defeatB.destinationC.honestyD.conclusion48.A.keepingB.beggingC.quotingD.obtaining49.A.celebrateB.controlC.entrustD.replace,50.A.tellsB.postsC.givesD.throws51.A.liquidB.securityC.predictionD.act52.A.GenerousB.FakeC.RomanticD.Curious53.A.requestB.findC.worryD.complain54.A.frankB.energeticC.kindD.pleased55.A.leadB.gatherC.claimD.organize第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。56Neanderthalsmadeartfarearlierthanoncebelievedissuggestedinanewstudy.Itisperhapssome20,000yearsbeforetheappearanceofmodernEuropeanhumans.Thestudy,57waspublishedinaprofessionalmagazine,suggestsNeanderthalsusedaredochrepigment(氧化铁颜料),akindofred,earthypaint,58(make)caveartsome65,000yearsago.Modernhumansdidnotexist59Europeatthetimethecaveimagesweremade.ThepaintingsintheCavesofArdalesinsouthernSpainaddto60(increase)evidencethatNeanderthals,whodiedoffabout40,000yearsago,weremorecomplexthanis61(common)believed.Pigments-coloringmaterials-weremadeinthecavesatdifferenttimesupto15,000and20,000yearsapart,thestudyfound.Thepigmentsweretheresultofnaturalprocessesratherthan62(be)man-made.JoaoZilhdo,oneofthe63(author)ofthestudy,saiddatingmethodsshowedthatochrehadbeenspatbyNeanderthalsontostalagmites(石笋),possiblyaspartof64ceremony.Stalagmitesarepointedpiecesofrockthatstickupfromthefloorofacave."Theywereclosertohumans.Recentresearchhasshowntheylikedobjects,andnowwecanshowthatthey65(paint)caveslikeus,"hesaid.第四部分写作(共两节,满分40分)第一节(满分15分)假定你是李华,你的朋友Alice最近沉迷于抖音(TikTok),你非常担心她。请给她写一封邮件,内容包括:1.阐述其危害;2.提出建议和解决办法;,3.给予鼓励。注意:1.写作词数应为80左右;2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。DearAliceIamworriedtoknowthatyoushouldbesoaddictedtoTikTokthesedays.Yours,LiHua第二节(满分25分)阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。Policearelikelyusedtopeopleapproachingthemwithquestions.OnedayinMichigan,apoliceofficernamedSgt.Heatherwalkedtoamomandaskedheraquestionregardingherfamily'slivingsituation.ThewomannamedErinHarrisonandhertwindaughterswerehomeless,andshesimplyaskedthepoliceofficerifitwasillegaltosleepintheircar.Fromtheirconversation,Sgt.HeatherknewthatErinwasgoingtobesleepinginthecarsothatshecouldgetthekidstotheschoolinthenextmorning.ErintoldSgt.HeatherthatsheandhertwodaughtersHaydenandAbbigaleweredrivenoutoftheirrentedhousebecauseshecouldn'taffordtopaytheskyrocketing(飞涨的)rentprice.However,theyneededaplacetosleep.They'vebeensurvivingintheircarontheparkinglotofthechildren'selementaryschoolforawhilenow.Theyhadnowhereelsetogo.ErinworkeddayinanddayoutatalocalMcDonaldstotakecareofhertwobeautifuldaughters,buttheyweren'tabletomoveintoahomeyet.Whenthepoliceofficerwasfacedwiththisheartbrokenquestion,sheimmediatelydecidedtohelp.Asamom,sheknewshehadtogetthefamilyaplacetostayin.Sgt.Heatherwasalsoamotherandshecouldn'tletthisfamilygowithoutaplacetostayin.Shequicklyreachedouttosomefriendsandcolleaguestogatherenoughmoneyforahotelroom,sotheycouldatleasthaveonewarmandcomfortablenight.,ThepoliceofficeralsogaveafunbirthdaypartyforthetwinsHaydenandAbbigale.Theywouldcelebratetheirninthbirthdayjustacoupleofdayslater.Thegirlswereamazinglysurprisedandhappybecausetheirmotherhadtoldthemshewouldnotbeabletodoanythingfortheirbirthdayduetotheirpresentsituation.注意:1.续写词数应为150左右;2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。Luckily,thepolicedepartmentandlocalcommunitywereabletogivethetwinsapartytheyneverexpected.Thenewsaboutthisfamilyinneedquicklyspreadacrossthetown.,,,,
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