资料详情(qqbaobao网)
我的位置:
初中英语考试常用固定搭配汇总
2021-11-249.99元 6页 92.50 KB
已阅读6 页,剩余部分需下载查看
版权声明
温馨提示:
1. 部分包含数学公式或PPT动画的文件,查看预览时可能会显示错乱或异常,文件下载后无此问题,请放心下载。
2. 本文档由用户上传,版权归属用户,qqbaobao负责整理代发布。如果您对本文档版权有争议请及时联系客服。
3. 下载前请仔细阅读文档内容,确认文档内容符合您的需求后进行下载,若出现内容与标题不符可向本站投诉处理。
4. 下载文档时可能由于网络波动等原因无法下载或下载错误,付费完成后未能成功下载的用户请联系客服处理。
网站微信客服:wwwQQBAOBAO
展开
初中英语考试常用固定搭配汇总01agreewith①同意;赞同:Iquiteagreewithhimonthesports.我非常同意他在运动方面的观点。②与…相符;与…一致:Hiswordsdonotagreewithhisactions.他言行不一致。③[常用于否定句](食物等)适合:Toomuchmeatdoesn’tagreewithher.她不宜吃太多肉。02holdon①抓着…不放;坚持:Sheheldontometightly.她紧紧地抓住我。Iwillholdontomydreamandnevergiveitup.我要坚持自己的梦想,永不放弃。②[电话用语]别挂断;等一下:Canyouholdon?I’llseeifthemanager’sintheoffice.先别挂电话行吗?我去看看经理在不在办公室。03makeup①[不用于进行时]组成;构成:Insomelanguages,100wordsmakeuphalfofallwordsusedindailyconversations.在一些语言中,100个词就构成了一半的日常会话用语。②编写;编造:Atyourfirstmeetingyoushouldmakeuparulebook.在第一次会议上,你要编写出一个规章手册。③为…化妆:Theymadehimupasanoldmanforthelastactoftheplay.在演这出戏的最后一幕时,他们把他打扮成一个老头。04pickup①拿起;拾起:ThephonerangandIpickeditup.电话响了,我接了起来。Ipickeduptherubbishandthrewitintothetrashcan.我把垃圾拾起来,扔进垃圾桶。②(车辆等)中途搭(人);中途带(货):I’vegottopickupmydaughterfromschoolatfouro’clock.我四点钟得去学校接女儿。③营救;救起:Twentymenfellintothewaterandwerepickedupbyotherboats.二十人落水后,被其他船只救起。④(偶然地、无意地)得到;学会(语言);买到:ShepickedupJapanesewhenshewasinJapan.Nowshecanspeakitfreely.她在日本时学会了日语,现在她日语讲得很流利。Wemanagedtopickupafewbargainsinthemarket.我们从市场上买到了几件便宜货。⑤接收到:WewereabletopickuptheBBCWorldService.我们能收听到英国广播公司的国际广播节目。⑥重提(话题);恢复(健康等):Hepicksupthisthemeagaininlaterchaptersofthebook.在该书的后几章,他又重回到这个主题上。05takeup开始(从事);占用Rogerstookuppaintingforawhile,butsoonlostinterest.罗杰斯学了一段时间的绘画,但很快便失去了兴趣。Meetingsandphonecallstakeupalargepartoftheday.开会和接电话占用了一天中的大部分时间。06turnout①制造;生产;培养出:Thefactoryturnsout900carsaweek.这家工厂一周生产九百辆汽车。②原来(是);证明(是);结果(是):Unexpectedlytheweatherturnedoutprettynicethatday.出乎意料的是,那天天气特别好。Itturnedoutthathisbrotherdiedofaheartattack.原来他的兄弟死于心脏病。07workout①算出;总共达:I’mjusttryingtoworkouthowmuchIspendeachmonth.我正在尽力算出我每月的开销。6,②解决;把…弄清楚:Toworkoutthedifficultmathsproblem,IhaveconsultedProfessorRussellseveraltimes.为了解出这道数学难题,我已经请教拉塞尔教授好几次了。③制定(出):Trainedexerciseteacherscanhelpyouworkoutatrainingplanandkeepyouactive.训练有素的体育老师能帮你制定一套训练计划,使你保持活力。④产生结果;被证明有效:EverythingworkedoutOKintheend.事情的结果还不错。IwanttofollowDavid’sexamplebutitneverworkedoutforme.我想效仿大卫的做法,但这对我没有效果。⑤锻炼;训练:Igotothesportsclubandworkoutonceaweek.我一周去一次体育馆锻炼。08getthrough到达;通过;打通:Shegotthroughtheexamination.她通过了考试。Focusingonthatgoalhelpsmegetthroughtoughtimes.专注于那一目标帮我熬过了艰难时期。Itriedphoningheroffice,butIcouldn’tgetthrough.我试过打她办公室电话,但没打通。09makeout①勉强看见;听见:Icouldbarelymakeoutthestageinthedarkness.黑暗中我几乎看不见舞台。IcouldhearvoicesbutIcouldn’tmakeoutwhatmanagetheyweresaying.我能听到说话的声音,但听不清他们在说什么。②理解;弄清:Hiswritingissoconfusingthatit’sdifficulttomakeoutwhatheistryingtoexpress.他的笔迹模糊不清,很难弄清他到底想表达什么。③写出;开列:Shewasmakingoutalistofpeopletoinvite.她正在写一份邀请名单。10putup①举起;抬起;提高:·Putupyourhandsifyouhaveanyquestions.如果有问题请举手。·Theyhaveputuptherentby$200amonth.他们把每月的租金提高了200美元。②公布;张贴(布告、相片等):Posterswereputuparoundourschool,callinguponustojoinintheactionsforagreenerearth.校园中到处张贴着海报,号召我们加入到让地球更环保的行动中去。③建造(房屋等);搭建:They’veputupalotofhigh-risebuildingsrecently.最近他们盖起了很多高楼大厦。④留宿;住宿:IwashopingKennycouldputmeupforafewdays.我希望肯尼能让我留宿几天。11setdown记下;放下:Idon’twanttosetdownaseriesoffactsinadiaryasmostpeopledo.我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水账。12turnover①翻身;(使)翻转;翻过(书页):Hedidnotfallasleep,turningoverinbedfromtimetotime.他没睡着,在床上时不时地翻身。Don’tturnoverthepageyet.先别把这页翻过去。②移交:Heturnedovertheworktothesecretary.他把工作移交给了秘书。13breakdown①(机器等)出故障;(身体等)垮掉;(情感等)失控:·Onmywaytothestationmycarbrokedown.去车站的路上,我的车坏了。·Herhealthbrokedownunderthepressureofwork.·她的身体在工作压力下垮掉了。·Hebrokedownashethoughtofhisfailuretosellallhisnewspapers.·想到没卖掉所有的报纸,他禁不住哭了起来。②(谈判等)失败:Talksbetweenthetwosideshavebrokendown.双方的谈判破裂了。6,③把…分若干部分(以方便做或理解):Eachlessonisbrokendownintoseveralunits.每一课都分成几部分。14lookdownupon轻视;看不起:Neverlookdownonpeoplelesssuperiorthanyou.不要轻视不如你的人。15lookupto尊敬;仰视:Ilookuptohimbecausehe’sarealartist.我尊敬他,因为他是个真正的艺术家。16diedown逐渐变弱;逐渐降低;Whentheapplausehaddieddown,shebeganherspeech.掌声渐渐消失时,她开始讲话。Thewindhasdieddownabit.风小了一点。17getover越过;克服;恢复过来:Idon’tknowhowwearegoingtogetoverthesedifficulties.我不知道我们怎样才能克服这些困难。Wearecertainthathewillgetoverhisillness.我们相信他一定会战胜疾病。18goby走过;流逝;过去:Everythingwillgeteasierastimegoesby.随着时间的推移,一切都会好起来的。19goover从一处到(另一处);温习:Wewentovertotheflowersellerandaskedherifwecouldbuyaflower.我们到卖花的人身边,问她我们能不能买朵花。Letusgooveryouransweragain.让我们再检查一下你的答案。I’vegottogoovermynotesfortomorrow’sexam.我必须复习笔记准备明天的考试。20lookinto调查:Thepolicearelookingintothedisappearanceoftwochildren.警方正在调查两个孩子失踪的事件。21putdown①放下:OnceIstartedreadingthemysterynovel,Ijustcouldn’tputitdown.一旦我开始读那本悬疑小说,就再也放不下了。②写下;记下:Pleaseputdownyournameandaddresshere.请把您的姓名和地址写在这儿。22runawayfrom逃走;躲避Thethiefheardthenoiseandranawayquickly.小偷听到声音,匆忙逃走了。It’sirresponsibleofyoutorunawayfromdifficulties.见了困难就躲是不负责的。23takein①吸入;收留:·Treestakeincarbondioxideandgiveoutoxygen.树木吸收二氧化碳释放氧气。·Hewashomeless,sowetookhimin.·他无家可归,于是我们收留了他。②理解:ItwasseveralminutesbeforeIcouldtakeinwhathewassaying.过了好几分钟,我才理解他说的是什么。③欺骗:Shetookmeincompletelywithherstory.她用一番花言巧语完全把我骗住了。24wearout②穿破;磨损:I’vealreadywornouttwopairsofshoesthisyear.今年我已经穿破两双鞋了。②(使)疲乏;(使)耗尽;(使)厌倦:Thesebirdsareindangerofwearingthemselvesoutbysingingtoomuch.这些鸟因过度鸣叫面临着累坏自己的危险。25breakup①(使)破碎:Thewaterwascoveredwithice,whichcouldsometimesbreakupwithoutwarning.水面上覆盖着冰,这些冰有时会突然破碎。②(使)(关系等)破裂:I’msurprisedtohearthatSueandPaulhavebrokenup.听到苏和保罗分手了我很惊讶。6,Theydecidedtobreakuptheirpartnership.他们决定结束合作关系。③分解;分拆:breakthecompanyupintoseveralsmallerones把公司分拆成几家小公司②驱散;解散:Thepolicecamerunningandbrokeupthecrowd.警察跑过来把人群驱散了。26bringabout引起;造成:Sciencehasbroughtaboutmanychangesinourlives.科学给我们的生活带来了诸多变化。27bringup①[常用于被动语态]抚养;养育;教养:②Hisfatherdiedwhenhewasyoung,andhewasbroughtupbyhismother.在他年幼时父亲就去世了,他是由母亲抚养长大的。②提出(讨论等):EverytimeIbringthematterup,hechangesthesubject.每当我提起这件事,他就会转移话题。28buildupHehasbuilt(up)hisbusinessovertheyears.这些年来他逐步建立起了自己的生意。Outdooractivitiesarereallyhelpfulinbuildingupmybodyandenrichingmyschoollife.户外活动确实对我增强体质和丰富学校生活有益。29carryout实行;执行:Ihadsomedifficultyincarryingouttheplan.实施这个计划我有些困难。Theyjustcarriedouttheorderastold.他们只是按命令行事。30comeacross①偶然遇到;碰见:Whenreadingarticlesrelatedtoscience,weoftencomeacrossdifficultorunfamiliarwords.读与科学相关的文章时,我们常常碰到难词或生词。②被理解:Hespokeforalongtime,buthismeaningdidnotcomeacross.他讲了很久,但还是没有把意思讲明白。31comeupwith想出;提出;提供:Ourclasscameupwiththeideatomakebetteruseofusedmaterials.我们班的同学提出了这一想法,以更好利用废旧材料。Theywanttobuythehouse,buttheycouldn’tcomeupwiththecash.他们想买房,但是拿不出这笔现金。32figureout弄清楚;弄明白;计算出:Icouldn’tfigureoutwhatIhaddonetoannoymyboss.我不明白自己做了什么让老板生气。Haveyoufiguredouthowmuchthetripwillcost?旅行要花多少费用你算出来没有?33getdownto开始做;开始认真对待:It’stimewegotdowntobusiness.我们该开始干正事了。34giveaway①送掉;分发(奖品等):TheStudents’Unioncalledonustogiveawayourusedbookstothestudentsinthelowergrades.学生会号召我们把用过的书送给低年级的学生。②泄露(秘密);出卖:Iwillnevergiveyoursecretsawayagain.我绝不会再泄露你的秘密。Hisaccentgiveshimawayasasoutherner.他的口音让人听出他是南方人。③放弃(机会等);输掉:Wouldtheygiveawaytheirchancetowinthegame?他们会放弃赢得比赛的机会吗?Wegaveawaytwogoalsinthefirsthalf.上半场我们输了两个球。35giveup放弃;让:Shedecidedtogiveupherjobandstartacoffeebar.她决定辞去工作,开一家咖啡馆。Hegaveuphisseattoapregnantwoman.他把座位让给了一位孕妇。36leadto致使;导致:Alackofconfidencecanleadtoalotofsuffering.缺乏自信会导致很多痛苦。6,Goodhabitsalwaysleadtohighefficiency,whilebadonesbringtheopposite.好习惯总是会带来高效率,而坏习惯则相反。37leaveout①遗漏;不包括:Ifyoustudyinasystematicway,youwon’tleaveanythingout.如果你用系统的方法来学习,你就不会遗漏任何东西。②被忽视;觉得被冷落:Newfathersoftenfeelleftoutwhenbabyarrives.有了孩子后,初为人父者往往有一种被冷落的感觉。38liveupto不辜负;符合;履行:Hefailedtoliveuptohisparents’expectations.他辜负了父母的期望。39lookup抬头看;查阅:ShelookedupfromherbooksasIenteredtheroom.我进入房间时,她从书本上抬起头来看了看。Iftherearewordsyoudonotunderstand,lookthemupinadictionary.若有不懂单词就查字典。40putaway①把…收起;放好:Kids—willyouputawayyourtoysnow?孩子们,现在把玩具收起来好吗?①储存…备用:We’reputtingsomemoneyawayforexpenses.我们省下一笔钱来应付开销。41putforward把…提前;提出:Wehaveputforwardtheweddingbytwoweeks.我们把婚礼提前了两周。Whoputforwardatheoryaboutblackholes?谁提出了黑洞理论?42putoff延期;推迟:Shecalledthisafternoontoputoffthemeetingtonextweek.她下午打电话说把会议推迟到下周。43putupwith忍受;容忍:Ican’tputupwiththeirsmokinganylonger.我再也无法忍受他们抽烟了。Icanputupwithmanythings,butnotwithpeoplewhosteal.我能容忍很多事情,但绝不容忍小偷小摸的人。44runout(of)用完;耗尽:Inthefuture,carefortheenvironmentwillbecomeveryimportantasearth’snaturalresourcesrunout.在未来,爱护环境将会很重要,因为地球的资源将濒临枯竭。45setaside留出;把…置于一旁:Setasidesometimeeachdaytowrite,evenifitisonlyfiveminutes.每天留出一点儿时间来写作,哪怕只有5分钟。46takeon呈现;雇用;接受;承担:Shortlyaftersufferingfromalargeearthquakeandbeingreducedtoruins,thecitytookonanewlook.在遭受大地震成为废墟后不久,这座城市呈现出新面貌。Nomoreworkersarebeingtakenonatpresent.眼下不再招收工人。Hissecretarywillhavetotakeonmostofhisworkwhilehe’sgone.他的秘书得在他不在的时候承担他的大部分工作。47turndown①关小;调低(音量等):CouldyoupleaseturndownyourTVabit?你可以把电视音量关小一点儿吗?②拒绝:Howcouldyouturndownsuchafantasticjobwhenyouhavebeenoutofworkformonths?你已经好几个月没有工作了,怎么能拒绝这么好的一份工作呢?48turnto转向;求助于:Theirtalkturnedtothechangethathadtakenplaceinthecity.他们的话题转到了城市发生的变化。Pleaseturntothepoliceforhelpwhenyouareintrouble.遇到困难时请向警察求助。49turnup①开大;调高(音量等):TurnuptheradiosothatIcanheartheprogram.6,把收音机音量开大些,好让我听到这个节目。②(人)到达;出现:Hepromisedthathewouldcome,buthehasn’tturnedupyet.他承诺会来,但还没出现。50bringon①使提高;使进步:MorestudyshouldbringonyourEnglish.努力学习会提高你的英语水平。①引起;导致:Stresscanbringonillness.压力会引起疾病。51callfor①需要;要求:Sometimessituationscallforustoactstrongandbraveevenwhenwedon’tfeelthatway.有时形势要求我们表现得强大、勇敢,即使我们自己并不觉得是那样。①去(某处)接人/物:I’llcallforyouatyourhome.我会到你家接你。52callup打电话给;使人想起:I’llcallyouupwhenIneedyourhelp.我需要你帮助的时候会给你打电话。Thispicturecalledupmemoriesofourclasstrip.这张照片使我想起我们班的那次旅行。53comedownto归结为;传到…手里:Theirquarrelcomesdowntomoney.他们吵架说到底是因为钱。Thecustomhascomedowntousfromouroldgenerations.这个习俗是从祖辈传下来的。54comeoff①(从…)离开:Peoplecomingoffabusyspringandsummerhaveamomentofrelaxation.人们度过了繁忙的春夏,有了片刻的清闲。②脱落;掉下:Abuttonhadcomeoff.有颗扣子掉了。55comeon快点;进展;算了吧:Comeon,wewillbelateforthetheatre.快点吧,我们去戏院要迟到了。56cometosb被某人想到:Theanswercametomeinaflash.我突然想到了答案。57getin进入;到达;插话:Acarstoppedbeforehimandhegotin.一辆小汽车停在他面前,他上了车。Whendoesthetraingetin?火车几点进站?Shetalkssomuchthatit’simpossibletogetawordin.她说起话来滔滔不绝,让人一句话都插不进去。58giveout①分发;发出(光、热、信号等);公布:·Theteachergaveouttheexampapers.老师发了试卷。·Thatlampdoesn’tgiveoutalotoflight.·那盏灯亮度不够。·Theresultoftheexaminationwon’tbegivenout.·这次考试成绩将不会被公布。②耗尽;精疲力竭:·Wemustgohome.Ourmoneyhasgivenout.钱用光了,我们必须回家。·Hisstrengthgaveout.·他筋疲力尽了。59goabout从事;忙于;开始做:Thevillagersweregoingabouttheirbusinessasusual.村民们如往常一样忙着自己的事。IfIdecidedtojointheclub,howdoIgoaboutit?假如我决定加入这个俱乐部,要做些什么呢?60goahead①前进;先走②[用于祈使句]请吧;说吧:③(经过计划或允许后)开始做:Thegovernmentisplanningtogoaheadwiththebuildingnextyear.政府计划明年着手建造大楼。6
相关课件
更多相关资料
展开
2022年中考语文二轮复习:小说阅读 专项练习题精选汇编(部编版,含答案) 2022年中考语文二轮复习:散文阅读 专项练习题精选汇编(部编版,含答案) 2022年中考历史一轮复习:八年级上、下册 综合检测试卷(word版,含答案) 2022中考语文一轮复习:文学文化常识 专项练习题(word版,含答案) 2022中考语文一轮复习:字形 专项练习题(word版,含答案) 2022中考语文一轮复习:字音 专项练习题(word版,含答案)
免费下载这份资料?
立即下载