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初中英语被动语态精练
2021-11-249.99元 6页 48.00 KB
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被动语态 一、被动语态的时态及结构(以动词do为例) 结构:主语+be+Vpp(过去分词) 时态:1.一般现在时:am(is,are)done. 2.现在进行时:am(is,are)beingdone3.一般将来时:will(shall)bedone 4.一般过去时:was(were)done 5.带情态动词的被动语态:must(can,may,should,need,would)bedone 6.现在完成时:have(has)beendone1.do2.is/am/are+doing3.will+dobe+Vppbe+Vppbe+Vppis/am/are+doneis/am/are+being+Vppwillbe+Vpp4.did5.can+do6.have/has+Vppbe+Vppbe+Vppbe+Vppwas/were+donecan+be+Vpphave/hasbeen+Vpp一般现在时的被动例句:WestudyEnglish主谓宾Englishisstudiedbyus主谓宾注:主语不是动作的发出者,而是承受者,即被动关系。By是“被”的意思,后面跟人称。练一练:1.Tomwritesaletter.___________________________________2.Theygrowmanyflowersinthegarden.____________________________________1.Football                (play)allovertheworld。2.Manytrees                 (plant)inNorthChina.3.Rice                 (grow)inSouthChina.4.Acamera                 (use)fortakingphotos5.I           often             (ask)todothiswork.6.Thechildrencleantheclassroomafterschool_________________________________________________7.Thegirlinredbuyssomehairclipseveryyear._________________________________________________6 8.Hewasheshisfootballclothestwiceaweek._________________________________________________现在进行时的被动例句:Iamreadingastorybook.主谓宾Astorybookisbeingreadbyme主谓宾练一练:1.Mysisterismakingsomecakes.主谓宾________________________________________2.ThetwinsaresinginganEnglishsong.________________________________________1.Aninterestingstory_______________(tell)byMrWunow.2.Anewbridge________________(build)bytheworkersatthemoment.3.Sometrees________________(cut)downbythem.4.Mikeislookingaferhismother._________________________________________________一般将来时的被动例句:Iwilldomyhomework主谓宾Myhomeworkwillbedonebyme主谓宾练一练:1.Myfatherwillrepairhiscar.主谓宾________________________________________2.MrGreenisgoingtotellastory.________________________________________1.Beijing____________(visit)byustomrrow.2.Thishouse______________(sell)inamonth.6 3.TheywillspendtheirholidyinHainan.______________________________________________4.Ourschoolisgoingtoholdasportsmeetingnextweek.______________________________________________一般过去时的被动例句:Daniellosthiskeyyesterday.主谓宾Daniel’skeywaslostbyhimyesterday.主谓宾练一练:1.Hisbrothertookhimtothesmalltownlastweek主谓宾________________________________________2.Thelittleboysawsomerobbers________________________________________1.Hergrandmother____________(hit)byacarlastmonth.2.Thethreerobbers_____________(catch)bythepoliceatlast.3.$1000_____________(raise)byClassOne.4.Abag_______________(leave)onthebusjustnow.带有情态动词的被动例句:Youcanwatchcartoons主谓宾Cartoonscanbewatchedbyyou.主谓宾练一练:1.Peoplemustn’tparktheircarshere.主谓宾________________________________________2.Youshouldturndowntheradio.________________________________________1.Moreclothesneed_____________(put)on.It’stoocold.2.Snackscan’t______________(bring)toschool.3.Youmustrememberhisaddress.______________________________________________6 4.Studentsmayreadcomicsafterschool.______________________________________________现在完成时的被动例句:Ihavelearned3000Englishwords主谓宾3000Englishwordshavebeenlearnedbyme.主谓宾练一练:1.Simonhasfinishedthework.主谓宾________________________________________2.TheGreenshavereceivedsomepresents.________________________________________1.Themeeting______________(put)off(推迟)tilltomorrow.2.Thewindow______________(break)byhim.3.Peoplehavepollutedtheriver._________________________________________________4.Emyhasdrunkthemilk._________________________________________________二、应注意的问题。 1.主语+连系动词+表语(S+V+P) 此结构不可用被动语态。 (正)Theflowerssmellsweet.(正)Youlookfinetoday. (误)Theflowersaresmeltsweet.(误)Youarelookedfinetoday. 2.主语+不及物动词(S+V) 此结构不可变被动语态。 (正)Anaccidenthappenedlastnight.(正)Itrainsinspring.. (误)Anaccidentwashappenedlastnight.(误)Itisrainedinspring. 3.将含有介词或副词的动词短语变为被动结构时,不可将介词或副词去掉。 Weshouldlistentotheteacherscarefully. Theteachersshouldbelistenedtocarefully. 4.主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语(S+V+IO+DO) (1).将表人的间接宾语变为主语,直接宾语不变。 Heshowedusapicture. Wewereshownapicture. (2).将指物的直接宾语变为主语,要在间接宾语前加介词to或for. 常用加to的动词give,show,pass,read等 常用加for的动词buy,get,make,sing,draw6 等 Apicturewasshowntous. Adictionarywasboughtformebymyparents. 5.主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语(S+V+O+C) 如动词为make,see,hear,watch等,后接宾语补足语为不带“to”不定式时,变被动语态时要加上“to”。 Isawhimfalloffthetree. Hewasseentofalloffthetree. 6."be+过去分词"并非都是被动语态,系动词be,feel,seem,look,等词后面的过去分词已转化为形容词,作表语用,表示某种状态。 I'minterestedinmathematics.我对数学感兴趣。 *7.某些动词用主动语态来表示被动含义。Thewoman'sclothessellwell.女装卖的快。Thisbooksellsbest.这本书很畅销.Thispenwriteswell.这支笔很好写 练习一选择题( )1.Thestrangethingwasused______wine(酒)byancient(古代的)people.     A.fordrink     B.todrink     C.drinking    D.drinked( )2.Today,toomanytreesarestill_____intheworld.     A.cuttingdown   B.cutdown C.beingcutdown   D.cutteddown( )3.English_____inmanycountries,butChinese_____theirownlanguages.     A.isspoken,speaks           B.speaks,isspoken     C.isspoken,speaken           D.isspoken,isspoken( )4.Thiskindofapple______inJinzhou.     A.isgrown     B.grow       C.grew      D.aregrown( )5.Theseyoungtreesmust______afterwell.     A.look       B.looksafter   C.belooked   D.looked( )6.Mycoatismade_____cool(羊毛)andsilk.     A.to        B.for       C.from      D.of( )7.Ourteacherwasseen______totheofficeamomentago.     A.go        B.togo      C.going     D.goes( )8.TheOxfordCastle_____byHenry.Itisinverygoodconditionnow.     A.built   B.wasbuilt C.hasbeenbuilt D.isbuilt( )9.Icecanbe_____water.     A.turninto     B.turnto     C.turnedinto  D.turnedto( )10.Keysareusedfor_____doors.     A.lock       B.locked      C.locking    D.locks( )11.Thegreenhouse(温室)shouldbe_____glass.6      A.madeof      B.madefrom    C.madeinto   D.madein( )12.Sorry,allthevegetables______.Pleasecometomorrow.     A.sellswell  B.havesoldout   C.havebeensoldout   D.areselling( )13.Themanisbadlyhurt.He_____tothehospital.     A.hassent     B.hasbeensent  C.sent      D.hassentfor( )14.Abigcinema______inourtownnextyear.     A.willbuild    B.isbuilt      C.willbebuilt    D.hasbuilt( )15.Thisbook_____byafamouswritermanyyearsago.     A.writes    B.iswritten     C.waswriten   D.waswritten( )16.InChinathemoney______tochildrenforgoodluckbytheirparentsorotherseniorinSpringFestival     A.gives       B.isgiven     C.aregiven   D.give  二、改写句子  1.Theybuiltanewschoolinthevillagelastyear.(改为被动语态)   Anewschool___________ ___________inthevillagelastyear.  2.Intheolddayspeopleusedteapots(茶壶)tomaketea.(改为被动语态)   Intheolddaysteapots ___________ ___________tomaketea.3.Thismakesmefeelthirsty.(改为被动语态)   I__________ __________ __________feelthirstybythis.  4.Didyoubuythisbikefromtheshop(改为被动语态)   ________________________________________fromtheshop(byyou)  5.Onlythisyear,millionsoftreeshasbeenplantedbythesoldiers.(改为主动语态)   Onlythisyear,Thesoldiers______________________millionsoftrees..  6.Weshouldspeaktooldmenpolitely.(改为被动语态)   Oldmenshould______________________________politely.7.Mywatchneedsrepairing.(同义句) Mywatchneeds_____________________________________.8.He’softenseentodanceinhisroom, ___________ ___________(反意疑问句)9.ThephotosweretakeninJapan. ①(改为否定句)___________________________________________ ②(改为一般疑问句,并做肯定和否定回答)_____________________________ _____________________________________________________________________6
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