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外研版(2019)高中英语选择性必修第二册Unit 1单元测试卷(word版,含答案)
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外研版(2019)高中英语选择性必修第二册Unit1单元测试卷第一部分阅读(共两节,满分50分)第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。AVolunteerMarine(海洋的)ProtectionPrograminBaliTianyarisasmallfishingvillageinthenorthernpartofBali.Tianyar’scoralreef(珊瑚礁),whichwashighlybio-diverseandhealthy,iscurrentlyinpoorconditionduetomanyyearsofimproperfishingpractices.Afterseveralvisitsfromscientists,aprojectaimedatrestoringandprotectingTianyar’scoralreefwasstarted.VolunteersVolunteersshouldbeatleast17yearsold.Akeeninterestinmarinelifeandprotectionisdesirable.Theyshouldbephysicallyfitandabletoswim.Aparentalapprovalformshallberequiredforparticipantsunder18joiningtheprogram.ResponsibilitiesVolunteerswillhelptoconstructartificialreefstructuresandorganizebeachandreefcleaning.WorkScheduleAsavolunteerfortheprogram,yourgeneralschedulewouldbe:SundayOnarrival,volunteerswillbepickedupfromtheairportandthentransferredtoTianyarbycar.MondaymorningDetailedtrainingshallbedone,afterwhichvolunteersbegintheirprojectplacement.MondaytoThursdayThisperiodwillbetheworkingdays.EveningswillbefreeforyoutorelaxorwalkaroundTianyarormakeplansforthenextday’swork.FridaytoSundayDuringyourextendedweekend,youcantravelandexploreotherpartsofBalisuchasUbud,SeminyakorKuta.Modesoftransportareeasilyavailablefortravellingwithintheisland.AccommodationInTianyar,accommodationwillbeprovidedinaguesthouseonthebasisofsame-gendersharing.Eachroomhasasmallkitchenwitharefrigeratorandstove.TianyaraccommodationislocatedinthemainTianyartownandallamenities(生活设施)areavailablewithinwalkingdistance.Cost第10页共10页 1Week—$475;2Weeks—$695;3Weeks—$980;4Weeks—$1,270.1.What’sthepurposeoftheproject?A.TohelpsaveandprotectTianyar’scoralreef.B.ToreduceTianyar’senvironmentalpollution.C.ToattractmoretouriststoTianyar.D.Tohelpdevelopthelocalfishery.2.WhatmayvolunteersdoonThursdaymorning?A.Gettrainedabouttheirdailyjob.B.Helpwithbeachcleaning.C.TravelaroundSeminyak.D.Makeplansfortheday.3.Whatcanbelearnedaboutvolunteers’accommodation?A.Theyarearrangedaccordingtotheirlengthofstay.B.Theywillliveintheuptownareas.C.Theyhavelimitedbasicamenities.D.TheycancookthemselvesthereBNearlyayearago,onasunnyJulyday,Idrovetoanearbylakewithmyfamilyandfriendstohaveapicnic.Icouldn’twaittogetinthewaterbecauseIlovedswimming.“HereIgo,”Ishouted,laughing,asIdove(跳水)fromaboatdockintothelake.ThatwasthelastthingIremember.Iwasunconsciousandpulledfromthewaterwithaseveredspine(脊柱断裂),andparalyzedfromthewaistdown.Aftermonthsofhospitalization,Iwasfinallyhome.Butthingsweren’tgoingwell.Ihadtofacemanylifestylechanges.ThegrayskyoutsidemywindowmatchedhowIfeltinside.Isighedandturnedaway.Lifehadlostallmeaning.Iwasimpatientwithmyselfaswellasmyfamily.Afewdayslater,IpouredoutmydespondencytoJerry,agoodfriendofmine.“Idon’tfeellikeIhaveareasontogetoutofbed,”Itoldhim.Jerrywasquietwithhiseyesfocusedonmymulberrytree.“Look,”hewhispered.“There’sacardinal(akindofbird).”Isawitonthatlowerbranchtotheright.Cheer,cheer,cheer,thecardinalsanginasweetvoice.I’dseencardinalsbefore.NowasIstudiedthisone,IrealizedI’dneverreallyseenacardinal.Itwasbeautiful.AsIwatchedtheelegantbird,somethingclicked(茅塞顿开).Thehopeoflife,likealight,wasawakenedinsideme.AfterJerryleft,Iwheeledtothefrontofthehouse,smiledattheskyandfeltrelieved.Inowtakebirdwatchingasmynewhobby.IrecordinterestingsightingsinmydiaryandphotographeverybirdImeet.Besides,Ifeelanewkindofpleasurewhentakingcareofthepotted第10页共10页 plantsinmyyard.Ofcourse,Istillfacemanydifficultieseveryday,butwhenIlookoutofmywindow,Iseebirds.AndwhenIseebirds,Iseemiracles(奇迹).AndI’vefoundmyplaceamongthem.4.Whathappenedtotheauthoraboutayearago?A.Hefelloffhisboat.B.Hehadacaraccident.C.Heinjuredhisspineinadive.D.Hehardlygotalongwithhisfamily.5.Whatistheprobablemeaningoftheunderlinedword“despondency”inParagraph3?A.Doubts.B.Expectations.B.Nervousness.D.Discouragement.6.Howdidtheauthorfeelafterseeingthecardinaloutsidehiswindow?A.Indifferent.B.Shocked.C.Pleased.D.Puzzled.7.Whatcanwelearnabouttheauthorfromthelastparagraph?A.Hedecidestoraisebirdshimself.B.Hebecomeshopefulabouthislife.C.Hedeterminestobeabirdphotographer.D.Hecandealwithdifficultiesallbyhimself.CEdwardO.Wilson’sLetterstoaYoungScientistispartofamemoir(回忆录)andpartofanadvicecolumnforyoungscientists.Duringhislongandhighlysuccessfulcareer,Wilsonhasadvisednumerousdoctoralstudentsandhelpedthemlaunchtheircareers.Alongtheway,hehasdevelopedastrongsenseofwhatittakestobesuccessfulinthefieldofscience.Hebuildshisbookaroundamorefundamentalandtimelesscareerquestion:Whatmakesagoodscientist?AsWilsonworkstowardananswer,hebacksuphisargumentswithfirst-handevidence.Itisobviousthathedeeplyappreciatesthecreativityofthescientificprocess.Inhisfirstfewchapters,heencouragesreaderstodaydream,workhardandmessaround.Wilsonrelatesseveralexamplesof“messingaround”inhisowncareer.SomeledtomajordiscoverieswhileothersledtonothingatallHowever,quickanduncontrolledexperimentsopenthepotentialformajordiscoveries.IfindWilson’swritingsontheimportanceoffailureespeciallyaffecting.Mostyoungscientistsarenotpreparedforthelevelandnumberofsetbackstheyarelikelytocomeacrossintheirearlycareers.Asscientificfundinghasbeencutandtenure-track(终身的)jobshavegrownrare,today’syoungscientistswillberefusedmorethanscientistsofequalqualityinthepastcentury.“Bepreparedmentallyforsomeamountoffailure.Wasteandfrustrationoftenattendtheearlieststages,”Wilsonwrites.第10页共10页 Wilsonalsosuggests,“Astrongworkvirtueisabsolutelyessential.Theremustbeanabilitytopasslonghoursinstudyandresearchwithpleasureeventhoughsomeoftheeffortwillunavoidablyleadtodeadends.”Thetimethatisseeminglywastedmaylaterprovetohavebeenwellspent.Wilsoninsiststhattheprocessofexploringandgainingclosenesswithone’sstudies—eventheonesthatdon’tgoasplanned—isessentialtothecreativeprocessofascientist.8.WhatisLetterstoaYoungScientistmainlyabout?A.Wilson’sachievements.B.RecordsofWilson’sprivatelife.C.Practicalsuggestionsforscientists.D.Methodsforscientists’findingdesirablejobs.9.Wilsonvaluescreativescientificexperimentsmainlybecause___________.A.theymakeitpossibletoachievegreatsuccessB.theymakeiteasytogetfirst-handexperienceC.theycanleadtofinalfindingsrapidlyD.theycanbecontrolledatwill10.What’sthecurrentsituationofyoungscientists?A.Theyaremoreafraidofsufferingfailures.B.Theymayfaceevengreaterchallengesatwork.C.Theyaremoreknowledgeableandbettereducated.D.Theycantakeadvantageofmorescientificresources.11.What’sWilson’sadviceforyoungscientists?A.Toavoidacademicdeadends.B.Todevelopcriticalthinking.C.Tostaypositivepatiently.D.Tomakeaschedule.DThedialect(方言)regionsoftheUnitedarcmostclearlymarkedalongtheAtlanticcoast,wheretheearliersettlements(定居地)werecreated.Theredialectscanbedefined:Northern,Midland,andSouthern.TosomeextenttheseregionssavethetraditionalspeechofsoutheasternandsouthernEngland,wheremostoftheearlycolonistswereborn.ThefirstsettlersthatarrivedinVirginia(1607)andMassachusetts(1620)soonlearnedtoadaptoldwordstonewuses,buttheywerealsopleasedtoborrownamesfromthelocalIndianlanguagesforunknowntrees,suchashickoryandpersimmontrees,andforunfamiliaranimals,suchasraccoonsandwoodchucks.Latertheytookwordsfromotherforeignsettlers—theFrenchandtheDutch.第10页共10页 BeforetheDeclarationofIndependence(1776),two-thirdsoftheimmigrants(移民)hadcomefromEngland,butafterthatdateimmigrantsfromIrelandarrivedinlargenumbers.TheGreatHungerof1845-1852drove1.5millionIrishtoseekhomesintheNewWorld,andtheEuropeanRevolutionsof1848droveasmanyGermanstosettleinPennsylvaniaandtheMidwest.AfterthecloseoftheAmericanCivilWarin1865,millionsofScandinavians,Slavs,andItalianscrossedtheoceanandeventuallysettledmostlyintheNorthCentralandUpperMidweststates.InsomeareasofSouthCarolinaandGeorgia,AfricansworkingonriceandcottonplantationsdevelopedalanguagecalledGullah,whichmadeuseofmanystructuralandvocabularyfeaturesoftheirnativelanguages.ThespeechoftheAtlanticSeaboardshowsfargreaterdifferencesinpronunciation,grammar,andvocabularythanthatofanyareaintheNorthCentralstates,theUpperMidwest,theRockyMountains,orthePacificCoast.Today,urbanization,quicktransport,andtelevisionhavedecreasedsomedialectaldifferencesintheUnitedStates.Ontheotherhand,immigrantgroupshaveintroducednewvarietiesinwhichtheinfluenceoftheirnativelanguagesisevident,andsomeimmigrantlanguagesarewidelyspoken.12.WhydidthefirstsettlersborrowlocalIndianwords?A.Tocommunicatewiththelocals.B.Toenrichtheirownlanguages.C.TodeepentheirfriendshipswithIndians.D.TolearnaboutIndians’traditionalculture.13.WhatwasthecharacteristicofGullah?A.ItborrowedplentyofwordsfromEnglish.B.ItwasbasedonAfricans’nativelanguages.C.Ithadrichwordstodescribefarmingpractices.D.ItwasmainlyspokenintheNorthCentralstales.14.WhichofthefollowingreducesdialectaldifferencesintheUnitedStates?A.Convenienttransportation.B.WidespreaduseoftheInternet.C.Thegrowthofnationwidepopulation.D.Theriseofpeople’seducationallevel.15.Whatisthetextmainlyabout?A.TheoriginofdialectsintheUS.B.America’simmigrationhistory.C.TheattractivenessoftheUnitedStates.D.Theimportanceofcross-culturalcommunication.第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)第10页共10页 阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Afruitbasketisabasketthatisfilledwithavarietyoffruits.16Itisusuallytastefullyarrangedsothatitispleasingtotherecipient’s(接受者)eye.Fruitbasketscanbesentasget-wellgifts,thank-yougifts,birthdaygifts,orforanyotheroccasionthatrequiresapresenttobesent.17Inthatcase,apersonmaychoosetosendafruitbasketinordertoexpresssympathyandsadness.Sendingsuchagiftshowstherecipientthatsomeoneisthinkingofhiminhistimeofsadness.Afruitbasketisanidealideaforthosewhoaren’tsurewhattosendasagift.18Sosendingagiftbasketisagoodwaytotaketheguessworkoutofchoosingagiftforahard-to-pleaseperson.Doyouknowapersoncanmakeafruitbasketonhis/herown?19First,thegiftgiverneedstolocateanattractivebasketlargeenoughtoholdavarietyoffruitsandothergoodies.Wickerbasketscanbefoundindiscountstoresandcraftstores.Prettyribbons(丝带)andtissuepapercanbefoundinmanystoresaswell.Nextpeoplecanfillitwithavarietyoffreshfruitsfromthelocalsupermarketorfruit.Theycanthenaddchocolatesandanythingelsetheythinkthegiftrecipientwouldlike.20A.Makingsuchagiftisn’tadifficulttask.B.Fruitbasketsaretraditionallygivenasgifts.C.Theshippingpricewilldependonthedeliverylocation.D.Somefamilymembersandfriendsaredifficulttobuyfor.E.Afruitbasketmaybesentwhenthereissorrowinone’sfamily.F.Youcanorderafruitbasketonlinetosendtoyourfriendsorfamily.G.Knowingaboutthegiftrecipient’spersonalityhelpspersonalizethefruitbasket.第二部分语言运用(共两节,满分30分)第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。McKinleyErves,22,suffersfromcolorblindness.Hisfriends21himonhisbirthdaywithapairofcolor-blindglasseswitchcanhelphim22amongcolors—anditwasallcaughtoncamera.“Ihardlyevermentionedmy23forcolor-blindglassesandmyfriendswentoutoftheirwaytogetmeapairformybirthday,whichjusttellsmehowmuchthey24me,”Ervessaid.Inthevideo,Erveslooksathisredcarbeforeheputsontheglasses.Aftergetting25fromafriend,heslowlyputsonthem.Ervessaysseeinghiscarina(n)26wayforthefirsttimeisreallyunforgettable.AsofThursday,thevideohasbeen27morethantwomilliontimesafterbeingpostedonline.Ervessaysheisshockedbytheattention.“I’mjusta(n)28guy.Buttheyalltellmehowhappytheyareforme,whichmakesmefeellikeImadea(n)29inalotofpeople’slives30itwasjustalittlebit,”第10页共10页 hesays.OneofErves’sfriendssays,“Wewantedto31hisbirthdayandhelphimseeeverydaylife32throughhisowneyes.”Ervesis33tohisfriends,andhopespeoplewhowatchedthisvideoareabletofindjoyinlittlethings.Life34uswithallofthedifficultiesweface.Butit’sthelittlethingsinlifethatmakethose35worthwhile,likeseeingtruecolorsforthefirsttime.21.A.inspiredB.surprisedC.honoredD.paid22.A.chooseB.learnC.changeD.tell23.A.regretB.excuseC.desireD.charge24.A.careaboutB.dependonC.touchonD.spendon25.A.praiseB.agreementC.encouragementD.prediction26.A.easyB.commonC.strangeD.new27.A.pickedB.viewedC.publishedD.recorded28..A.ordinaryB.braveC.luckyD.simple29.A.decisionB.introductionC.differenceD.profit30.A.asthoughB.incaseC.evenifD.nowthat31.A.brightenupB.setdownC.takeoverD.bringback32.A.curiouslyB.normallyC.wiselyD.quickly33.A.respectfulB.gratefulC.helpfulD.faithful34.A.challengesB.excitesC.amazesD.embarrasses35.A.belongingsB.threatsC.sufferingsD.efforts第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。AccordingtoarecentAmericanstudy,foodallergies(过敏)arebecomingmoreandmorecommon,(36)__________(particular)amongchildren.About8%ofthoseunder19havedevelopedanallergy.Thatmeans(37)___________totalof6millionchildrensufferfromallergiesintheUSA.Thefoodsthataremostlyresponsibleforsuchallergies(38)__________(be)milk,eggs,peanuts,fish,nutsandwheat.Butwhyarefoodallergiesincreasing?Expertsgivethe(39)__________(reason).Oneisthateverythingistooclean.Ourbodydoesnothavethetraining(40)__________(fight)offattackers.Besides,genetic(基因的)engineeringhaschangedmostofthefoodweeattoday.Althoughafoodallergycanbegin(41)__________anyage,mostallergiesstartinchildhood.Someallergiesgoawaywhenyougrowup,likemilkoreggallergies.Others,likefishornutallergies,areprobablywithpeoplein(42)__________(they)wholelife.Infact,atleastonethirdofthechildren(43)__________(affect)areallergictomorethanonekindoffood.Theyhavetroublestaying(44)__________(health)andgettingtherightdiet.Therefore,parents(45)__________childrenhaveallergiesshouldalwayshavesomedrugswiththem.Thesedrugsactquicklyandletchildrenbreathebetter.第10页共10页 第三部分写作(共两节,满分40分)第一节(满分15分)假定你是校英文报SchoolWeekly的编辑李华,你们计划向全校学生征集以“Growingpainsandgains”为主题的英语短文刊登在报纸上。请你用英语写一篇征稿启事并发布在校园网上,内容包括:1.征稿目的;2.稿件要求及投稿方式;3.表达期待。注意:1.词数80左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________第二节(满分25分)阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。续写的词数应为150左右。Ibegantolosehope.Itseemedthattherewaslittlechancethatmygreat-grandmotherwasabletoheal(康复).Myblind,94-year-oldgreat-grandmotherwassleepingsoundlyinthehospitalbed.Aslsatquietlywithmyfamily,llistenedtothesoundsofthemachinesthatkeptheralive.Herfacewaspaleandempty.ShewasnolongerthecheerfulpersonIhadalwaysknown.Itseemedthateverydayshegotworse.ShemightnotmakeitthroughChristmas.Itriedtothinkofapresenttogivetoher.Sinceshewasblind,Iwouldhavetogetheragiftthatshedidn’thavetoseetoappreciate,butthatshecouldfeelwithherhands.Irememberedthatwhenshelivedwithusshealwayswantedtotouchandplaywithmystuffedanimals(填充动物玩具).Herfavoritesweremyuniquestuffedbears.Iknewrightthenwhattoget.Shealwayswantedoneforherself!Iwouldhaveateddybearmadeespeciallyforher.“Great-grandma’sBear”iswhatInamedthebrown,stuffedanimal—“Bear”forshort.Thebearwasquitecharmingwithhistinyblackbuttonnoseandbigchocolateeyes.Ilookedforwardtovisitingmygreat-grandmotheronChristmasmorningandseeingthelookonherfacewhenIgaveBeartoher.TheclaycamemorequicklythanIthought.IcarriedBearinmyarmsasIwalkedtoRoom208withmyfamily.Therewasmygreat-grandmother,sittinginherbed.Hereyeswerewideopen.Ithinkshewassensingthatwewerecoming.Asmilegrewonherfaceaswesatonherbed,closetoherweakbodyhiddenunderthecovers.“MerryChristmas!”mydadsaid.Wetalkedwithmy第10页共10页 great-grandmotherforawhileuntilitwastimetogiveherthegiftswehadbrought.Mymothergaveherfresh-smellingbabypowderbecauseshecouldneverhaveenoughofit.Myfatherbroughtherfavoritecandies.Nowitwasmyturn.Paragraph1:Iplacedthebearinhergentle,skinnyhands._______________________________________________________________________________Paragraph2:Fromthatdayon,amazingly,mygreat-grandmotherstartedtoheal._______________________________________________________________________________参考答案1-5ABDCD6-10CBCAB11-15CBBAA16-20BEDAG21-25BDCAC26-30DBACC31-35ABBAC36-45(Onepossibleversion)36.particularly37.a38.are39.reasons40.tofight41.at42.their43.affected44.healthy45.whose写作(Onepossibleversion)第一节ContributionsWantedTohelpusappreciateourunforgettablegrowingtimes,wearelookingforgoodEnglisharticlesonthethemeof“Growingpainsandgains”.Youareexpectedtoshareyourstoriesduringtheprocessofgrowingupwithin400words.Allthearticlesshouldbeoriginalandpositive.Andeveryoneofyouiswelcometosendyourarticlestoschoolweekly@163.combeforeSeptember17.Theexcellentoneswillbepublishedinournewspaper.Ifyouhaveanyquestions,feelfreetocontactusat012-3889146.Lookingforwardtoyourbrilliantworks.第10页共10页 SchoolWeekly第二节Paragraph1: Iplacedthebearinhergentle,skinnyhands.Onceherhandstouchedit,herfacewassuddenlyfilledwithjoy.ThelasttimeIhadseenshewassohappywasmanymonthsearlier.ShesmiledandhuggedBearthewholetimewewerethere.ShelovedBearverymuch,andshedidn’twantanyonetotakeBearfromherbecauseshefearedthey’dloseit.Beforeweleft,shethankedmemanytimes.ShesaidthatBearwouldneverleaveherside.Paragraph2: Fromthatdayon,amazingly,mygreat-grandmotherstartedtoheal.Dayslater,shemovedbackintothenursinghomewhereshehadlivedbeforeshewassenttothehospital.ShesleptwithBeareverynightandneverforgotit.OnedaywhenIvisitedthenursinghome,thenursesaidmygreat-grandmotherwastakinggoodcareofBear.Ireplied,“No,itistakinggoodcareofher.”Mygreat-grandmother’shealthimprovedbecauseofBear.Bearwastheperfectgift.Severalyearslater,mygreat-grandmotherpassedawaypeacefullyinhersleep,stillhuggingBear.第10页共10页
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