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外研版(2019)高中英语选择性必修第二册Unit 2单元测试卷(word版,含答案)
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外研版(2019)高中英语选择性必修第二册Unit2单元测试卷第一部分阅读(共两节,满分50分)第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。ATheBestBookstoBuyforTeenBoysGettingteenboysinterestedinbookscanbeachallengeforparents.Fortunately,manyyoungadultauthorsarenowwritingteenbooksthatattractguys.TheEnemybyCharlieHigsonBuckinghamPalacebecomesashelterforkidsescapingfromzombie-infested(僵尸出没的)London.Inyetanotherbreathtakingstory,readersarecaughtupintheactionandstressofteenstryingtosurviveasahorriblediseasespreadsacrossEngland.AuthorHigson,awell-knownBritishactorandcomedian,isalsothewriterofthehighlysuccessfulYoungBondseries.Recommendedforages14-18.Price:$10LeviathanbyScottWesterfeldAward-winningauthorWesterfeldcreatesanotherrealityofWorldWarIinthisbiology-versus-technologystory.Thetwoteensaresupposedtobeenemies.Agirl,pretendingtobeaBritishairman,andaprincecrosspathsandfindthemselvessailingontheairshipLeviathan.Recommendedforages12-14.Price:$12ConebyMichaelGrantEveryoneoverfifteenisdisappearinginSam’stownandtheonesleftbehindareseekinghelp.Inthisstory,teensmustgettogetherandfindawaytorulethemselveswhilepreparingtofightagainstsupernaturalelements.Teenswillenjoythisstoryofunwillingheroes,competition,andrevenge(复仇).Recommendedforages14-18.Price:$10TheRuinsofGorlanbyJohnFlanaganReadersarefollowingtheadventuresof15-year-oldWillwhofiniteagainsthugebeastsandevilwarlords(军阀)tryingtotakeoverthekingdom.AuthorFlanagancontinuestointeresthisfanswiththislong-runningseriesoftheadventuresofashyteenageboywhobecomesahero.Recommendedforages12-14.Price:$16第10页共10页 1.WhatcanweknowaboutTheEnemy?A.Ittellsonecompletestory.B.ItissetinBuckinghamPalace.C.Itisaboutanationwideescape.D.ItiswrittenbytheauthorofYoungBondseries.2.Whichofthefollowingbooksstressesteamwork?A.Gone.B.Leviathan.C.TheEnemyD.TheRuinsofGorlan.3.WhatisspecialaboutFlanagan’sseries?A.Theytakeateenboyastheirleadingcharacter.B.Theyaresuitableforreadersabove14yearsold.C.Theyencourageyoungboystoachievetheirdreams.D.Theydescribefightsbetweenhugebeastsandwarlords.BWhenmyfamilyofficiallydroppedmeoffatmynewapartmentinGalway,Ifeltawaveofdifferentemotions.Iwasreallynervousaboutwhatthenexttwoweekswouldbring.However,myroommatesturnedouttobeoverlywelcomingandenergetic,whichmadethetransitionveryeasy.LittledidIknowhowclosewewouldallbecomebytheendofthetwoweeks!Forthenexttwoweeksweattendedclassesandhadfieldtrips.ItactuallykilledmebecauseIwasaterriblehiker.Onedayourteacherrentedabusandledustogohikingtodifferentspots.Wearrivedatarivertoeatlunchandsitonthebridge.Isatupontothebridgelookingdownatthewaterbelowme.MyphonewasinmylapwhileIatemyfood.SuddenlyIheardtheactualworstsound—asplash(溅落声).Withoutevenlookingdown,Iknewthatmyphonehaddroppedintotheriver.IwasusedtokeepingmyIDandbankcardsinthebackofmyphonecase.Istareddownindisbeliefattheflowingwater.Istooduptojumpoffthebridgeintotheriver,butCorinapulledmeback.Istartedtoscreambecausewhatelseyoucoulddowhenyouwereinadifferentcountryandyourphone,IDandbankcardswereabouttodisappear.Hope,oneofmyroommates,wasalongthebankanddoveintothewatertoretrievemythings.Withherhelpintime,Ididn’tsufferanyloss.Thebesttilingthatcameoutofmystudyexperienceabroadwasmyroommateswhobecamemyclosefriends.Corina,HopeandEmilymademystudyexperienceabroadsomemorable.WehadsomanytrulymemorableexperiencesduringourtimeinGalway.Iwasamazedathowclosewebecameinsuchashorttime.OnethingIhavelearnedthisyearisthatyouhavetoholdthemomentnow!IfIhadwaitedtostudyabroaduntilthissummer,whichIonceconsidered,allofthesefriendshipsandmemorieswouldn’texist.4.Whataretheauthor’sroommateslikeaccordingtoParagraph1?第10页共10页 A.Talkative.B.Talented.C.Easy-going.D.Intelligent.5.Whathappenedtotheauthorwhenshewasonthebridge?A.Herphoneandcardsdroppedintotheriver.B.Hergoodfriendsgotdrownedintheriver.C.Shegotlostinthehikingactivity.D.Shelostalotofmoney.6.Theunderlinedword“retrieve”inthethirdparagraphprobablymeans“_________”.A.cleaningsomethingoutB.gettingsomethingbackC.checkingsomethingD.hidingsomething7.Whatdidtheauthorlearnfromherexperienceofstudyingabroad?A.Waitingissometimesnecessary.B.Choosingroommatesisverydifficult.C.Itisimportanttomakefriendsinaforeigncountry.D.Onceyoudecidetodosomething,takeactionatonce.CDanielFoe,bornaround1660,wasthesonofJamesFoe,aLondonbutcher.DaniellaterchangedhisnametoDanielDefoe,wantingtosoundmoregentlemanly.Defoewentintobusinessin1683,havinggivenuphisearlierplantobecomeadissentingminister(大臣).Hetraveledoften,sellingsuchgoodsaswineandwool,butwasrarelyoutofdebt.Hewentbankrupt(破产)in1692,anddecidedtoleavethebusinessindustryaltogether.Havingalwaysbeeninterestedinpolitics,Defoepublishedhisfirstliterarypiece,apoliticalbooklet,in1683.Hecontinuedtowritepoliticalworks,workingasajournalist,untiltheearly1700s.ManyofDefoe’sworksduringthisperiodfocusedonsupportingKingWilliamIII,thethenKingofEngland.SomeofhismostpopularworksincludeTheTrue-BornEnglishmanwhichuncoveredracialprejudice(偏见)inEnglandfollowingattacksonWilliamforbeingaforeigner.Politicalenemiesofrepeatedlyhadhimimprisonedforhiswritingin1713.Defoetookanewliterarypathin1719,aroundtheageof59,whenhepublishedRobinsonCrusoe,thebest-knownfictionnovelbasedonseveralshortessaysthathehadwrittenovertheyears.Ahandfulofnovelsfollowedsoonafter—oftenwithcriminalsasleadcharacters—includingMollFlanders,ColonelJack,andCaptainSingleton.HislastmajorfictionpieceRoxana:TheFortunateMistresscameoutin1724.Inthemid-1720s,Defoereturnedtowritingeditorialpieces,focusing第10页共10页 onsuchsubjectsasmorality(道德),politicsandthebreakdownofsocialorderinEngland.SomeofhislaterworksincludeEverybody’sBusiness,IsNobody’sBusinesspublishedin1725.DefoediedonApril24,1731.Defoeisrememberedtodayasajournalistandawriter,andhasbeenpraisedforhishundredsoffictionandnon-fictionworks.ThecharactersthatDefoecreatedinhisfictionbookshavebeenbroughttolifecountlesstimesovertheyears,ineditorialworks,aswellasstageandscreenproductions.8.WhatcanweknowaboutDefoe’searlylife?A.Hewasashamedofhisfamily.B.Hedevotedhimselftowriting.C.Hewasasuccessfulbusinessman.D.Hesetagoalofbecomingapolitician.9.WhichsubjectdidDefoefocusoninhislateryears?A.Socialproblems.B.Lawmaking.C.Business.D.Science.10.WhichwordcanbestdescribeDefoeaccordingtothetext?A.Flexible.B.Productive.C.Thoughtful.D.Imaginative.11.Whatisthetextmainlyabout?A.ThelifeofDanielDefoe.B.GreatworksbyDanielDefoe.C.DanielDefoe’sinspirationforwriting.D.ThecharacteristicsofDanielDefoe’sworks.DForJaskiratBatra,thedesiretotaketeachingashiscareerbeganinhischildhood.Asachildofteachers,hewasoftenimmersed(沉浸在)intheworldofclassrooms,chalkboardsandtextbooks.Whiledeeplyinspiredbyhisparents,Batra’sdesirewasalwaystogobeyondtraditionalteachingmethods.AsagraduatestudentintheDepartmentofMaterialsScienceandEngineeringatTexasA&MUniversity,hehasestablishedauniquestyleofteachingthatmightaffecthowengineeringcoursesaretaughtinclassrooms.DuringhistimeatTexasA&MUniversity,Batrajoinedthematerialsscienceprogramthere.“Ithoughtthatitwastheperfectplaceformetocombinemyacademictraininginengineeringscienceandelectricalengineeringwithmyresearchinterest,”Batrasaid.“Icouldn’twaittojumpinandbeginmyownresearchproject.”Batrabeganworkingonhisresearchproject,attendingclassesandtakingexams.However,theturningpointcamewhenhewashiredtoteachanintroductoryengineeringcoursetoundergraduatestudents.Duringthistime,hegrewincreasinglydissatisfiedwiththestandard第10页共10页 slides(幻灯具)basedmethod,particularlybecauseslides,whicharc2Dsurfaces,wereusedtodisplaycomplex3Dconcepts.“Iknewtherehastobeabetterwaytohelpstudentsvisualizein3D,”Batrasaid.“Iwanttodevelopaninstructionalstrategythatwouldreallyhelpmystudentstolearnandenjoytheprocesswhiletheyarcinit.”Hestartedtouse3Dcardboardgoggles(akindofglasses)tostudystudents’motivationwhenmaterialsscienceconceptswerebeingtaught:Hefoundthatwhenaslides-basedlecturewascombinedwithvirtualreality,thestudents’motivationincreasedby77%.“Ialwaysrememberwhatmyparentstaughtmeaboutthepowerofapeninshapingsociety,andtheinfluenceofateacheronthefuturegenerationsofteachers,scientists,engineers,etc.,”Batrasaid.“Inadditiontobeinganeducator,inthefutureIwouldlovetohavemyownresearchlabwhereIcanworkwithfuturegenerationsofscientiststomakediscoveriesandsolveproblems.”12.WhatcanweknowaboutJaskiratBatra?A.Hefeltboredwithschoollifeasachild.B.Hesetagoalofbeingateacherincollege.C.Hetaught3DtechnologyatTexasA&MUniversity.D.Hedevotedhimselftoimprovingtraditionalteachingmethods.13.WhatdidJaskiratBatrathinkofthematerialsscienceprogram?A.Itwasboring.B.Itwascreative.C.Itwasattractive.D.Itwaspromising.14.WhydidJaskiratBatraintroducethe3D-assistcdteachingmethod?A.Tomeetpracticalneedsinhisteaching.B.Torespondtohisstudents’advice.C.Tocollectdataforhisresearch.D.Toimprovehisteachingskills.15.WhathappenedafterJaskiratBatraappliedthe3D-assistedteachingmethodtohisclass?A.Hisstudents’academicperformanceswereimproved.B.Henolongerneededthestandardslides-basedmethod.C.Hisstudents’enthusiasmforhisclasswasincreased.D.Hepopularizedhisteachingmethodsamonghiscolleagues.第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Eachyear,alargeamountofmedicalwasteisproducedaroundtheworld.16Butplaceslikemedicallaboratoriesandmedicine-makingcompaniescanalsoproducelargeamountsofmedicalwaste.Medicalwastecanbedividedintoseveraltypes.Oneimportantkindistheinfectious(传染性的)第10页共10页 medicalwaste.Accordingtoresearch,alargepartofmedicalwasteisinfectious.Infectiousmedicalwasteincludesdifferentitems.17Infectiousmedicalwastecancausegreatharmtobothpeopleandtheenvironment.18Itmustbeproperlymanagedandcontainedtoavoidspreadinginfection.Otherkindsofmedicalwasteshouldalsobemanagedandcontainedproperly.Generally,medicalwasteshouldbestoredincoolanddarkplaces.Thecontainershouldbeabletopreventairoranyliquidfromeasilygettinginorout.19Anythingthatcomesincontactwiththiswasteshouldbeconsideredasmedicalwasteandtreatedinthesameway.20Partofthemedicalwasteproducedworldwideisburned.Someofthemedicalwasteisburiedunderground.Andsomeisdirectlypouredintorivers,lakesandtheocean.Alloftheapproachesarenotenvironmentallyfriendly.Thoseinchargeofmedicalwastemanagementareworkingtodevelopgreenermethodsofgettingridofmedicalwaste.A.Manysuchcontainersareburned.B.Mostofthemedicalwastecomesfromhospitals.C.Therearedifferentwaystoremovemedicalwaste.D.Infectiousmedicalwastedamagestheairorthewater.E.Soinfectiousmedicalwastemustbetreatedverycarefully.F.Thecommononesarethrown-awaymasks,toolsusedinoperations,etc.G.Andthecontainermustbemarkedtoshowthedangerousmaterialinside.第二部分语言运用(共两节,满分30分)第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。Aroundayearago,Iwaseagertobefriendswithpeoplearoundme.Ithoughtthatthemore21Ihad,thehappierI’dbe.IhadafewpeoplewhoI22tohangoutwith,buttheysometimesshowedunwillingness.Itwasevidentthatmyfriendshipwasn’t23tothematall,veryone-sided.IrealizedIhadto24myself.SoIdecidedtohugthe“25”ofhavingnoonearound.I26everyonewhomIdidn’tlikeandwasleftwitharoundfourpeople.IalsogavepeoplechancestobemyfriendssothatIdidn’t27shutmyselfoff.ButIwouldnolonger28friendshipsanxiously.Atfirstitwas29andIwasafraidtospendasecondalone,butnowIlovebeingalone.Ienjoythefeelingofnothavingtoworryabout30.Ialsodon’thavetothinkaboutwhetherpeoplelikemeandwhoissayingwhat.Everythingfeelsquietand31now.IfeellikeI’ve32mylifeagain.Peoplewhohavehurtmewerepreviouslygivenunlimitedchances33my“mustkeepasmanypeopleaspossible”thinkingpattern,butnowtheywon’thavetheprivilege(特权)anymore.Doingthishasallowedmetogivemyselfmuchmore34andinturnhas第10页共10页 raisedmyconfidence.Wecan’tpushthingstobewhattheyshouldn’tbeandiftheworldkeeps35you,youcanfindoutwhatitactuallywantsfromyou.21.A.teachersB.friendsC.familiesD.classmates22.A.lovedB.missedC.promisedD.pretended23.A.helpfulB.positiveC.practicalD.valuable24.A.doubtB.checkC.changeD.protect25.A.excitementB.patienceC.lonelinessD.curiosity26.A.lostB.refusedC.observedD.remembered27.A.possiblyB.generallyC.fullyD.rapidly28.A.searchforB.waitforC.prepareforD.answerfor29.A.usefulB.funnyC.dangerousD.terrible30.A.relationshipsB.separationsC.challengesD.differences31.A.boringB.peacefulC.normalD.new32.A.riskedB.ignoredC.ruinedD.controlled33.A.duetoB.inspiteofC.insteadofD.incaseof34.A.guidanceB.memoryC.respectD.fame35.A.amusingB.surprisingC.movingD.upsetting第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。Aneasternbluebirdsitsonabranch,patientlywatchingthegroundbelow.Suddenly,itspotsabeetle.Thebirdspreads(36)__________bluewings,fliestotheground,andquicklyeatsthesmallinsect.Thenthe(37)__________(color)birdreturnstothebranch(38)__________(wait)foritsnextsnack.Easternbluebirdscan(39)__________(find)intheeasternpartsofNorthandCentralAmerica.TheeasternbluebirdisthestatebirdofNewYorkandMissouri.Thesebirdscanoftenbeseenintreesoronfences,lookingattheclearings(空地)andsearching(40)__________food.Thesebirdsareskilled(41)__________(flier)withincrediblevision.Theycanspot(42)__________insectonthegroundfrom60feetaway.Easternbluebirdsoftensing,(43)__________(use)theirvoicestostayintouchwithothermembers.Theyalsousesoundstowarnenemiestostayawayfromtheirsmall,cup-likenests(44)__________areusuallybuiltinsideoldwoodpeckerholes.Mostbabyeasternbluebirds(45)__________(simple)leavethenestaboutthreeweeksaftertheyhatchout(孵化),butsomestaytohelptheirparentswiththenextbatchofeggs.第三部分写作(共两节,满分40分)第一节(满分15分)第10页共10页 假定你是李华,你的交换生好友Ben最近沉迷于玩电脑游戏,者导致他的学习成绩下降,为此他感到苦恼,来信请求你的建议。请你给他回信,内容包括:1.表示担忧;2.提出建议;3.表达期待。注意:1.词数80左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________第二节(满分25分)阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。续写的词数应为150左右。IwasdepressedbymyjobbecauseIoftenhadtoworkovertime.Evenso,thelittlemoneyIreceivedwasdifficulttosupportmylife.IwasnotabletobuyacarformyselfortravelevenwhenIhadsomefreetime.Aftercontinuingthiscycleofworkforyears,Ifinallydecidedtogiveupandtakeupthejobofajoker(小丑)whodoessillythingstomakeotherslaugh.Idon’tknowwhyIchosetobeajoker.Thepaywasverylow,butatleasttheworkwaslessthanbefore.Iwonderedhowthisjobwouldbeanydifferentfromthelastjob.OnceIwascalledtogotoahospitalandputupashowforthelittlekidswhowereadmittedforweeksinthishospital.Ididn’twanttogothatday,butIhadtopaymybills.Therewerebeautifulrosesoutsidethehospitalgate,butIwasinnomoodtoenjoythem.Uponreachingthehospital,IdressedmyselfupasajokerintherestroomandwasonmywaytothestagewhenIsawakidinawheelchairstaringatmewithbrighteyes.Hewasabeautifulboywhowassufferingfromcancer.HelookedsopaleandweakthatIcouldfeelthepainhewasgoingthrough.ThesmileonhisfacemademerealizethatImustdomybesttogivethiskidsomecomfortduringhissufferings.Thenursetookthekidtohisseatinabigroomtogetherwithmanyotherkids.Iwalkeduptothestageandbegantoshowmytricks.IputmyheartintotheshowmorethananythingelseIhadeverdone.Asaresult,Iwasabletomakethekidslaughloudlyandhappily,andtheyallwereenjoyingtheshow.Thesmilingfacesofthesehappychildrenbattlingwiththeirlivesgavenewenergytome.Paragraph1:Afterthatday,myperformanceasajokerherandmoreandmorepopular.第10页共10页 _______________________________________________________________________________Paragraph2:Idecidedtopayhimavisitonceagain._______________________________________________________________________________参考答案1-5DAACA6-10BDDAB11-15ADCAC16-20BFEGC21-25BADCC26-30BCADA31-35BDACD36-45(Onepossibleversion)36.its37.colorful/colourful38.towait39.befound40.for41.fliers42.an43.using44.that/which45.simply写作(Onepossibleversion)第一节DearBen,Learningyouareaddictedtoplayingcomputergamesrecently,I’mreallyconcernedaboutyou.AndI’mwritingtogiveyousomeadvice.Actually,playingcomputergamesfortoolonghasabadeffectonourstudy,andevendoesharmtoourhealth.Soyoushouldgetridofitassoonaspossible.Ithinkyoucantryadoptingahealthierlifestylebydoingthingslikereading.Takepartinschoolactivities,whichcanhelpyoumakefriendsandbroadenyourhorizons.Hopemyadvicewillbehelpfultoyou.Yours,LiHua第二节Paragraph1: Afterthatday,myperformanceasajokerbecamemoreandmorepopular.IwascalledtovariousshowssothatIpaidallmydebts.AndIevenboughtaveryexpensivecarformyselfwithinayear.Mylifedevelopedwelljustliketheroseswhichgrewoutsidethehospitalgate.Allofthis第10页共10页 happenedbecauseofthatboyinthewheelchair.Itwasthesmileonhisfacethatdaythatgavemethecouragetoignorethedailyworriesandfacetheproblemsinmylifeinapositivemanner.Paragraph2: Idecidedtopayhimavisitonceagain.Onasummermorning,Ivisitedthehospitalwithsometoysandbeautifulflowersfortheboy.Seeinghiminhisroom,Isaid,“Youlookmuchbetter.”“Thankyou.Irememberyou,Mr.Joker,”theboysaidjoyfully.“Yourperformancethatdayreallyinspiredme.ItisthebestoneIhaveeverseeninmylife.”Hearinghiswords,Ifeltevenprouder.Ineverregrettakingupthejobasajoker.第10页共10页
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