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外研版(2019)高中英语必修第一册 Unit 1单元测试卷(Word版,含答案)
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外研版(2019)高中英语必修第一册Unit1单元测试卷第一部分阅读(共两节,满分50分)第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。AHeyYouLanguagesDoyouwanttoimproveyourSpanish?Comeandjoinus,please!FEATURESl-on-lonlinelessonswithexperiencedteachers.Lessonsarebasedonyourstudyhabits.Weadapt(适应)teachers’styletofitthestudents’style,nottheotherwayaround.Youcanchooseexactlywhenyouwanttostudyandtakelessonsfromanywhereintheworld.Bookyourclassesduringyourfreetime.You’llneverhavetoworryaboutyourschedule.Takeacupofcoffeeortea,oranythingelsethatmakesyoucomfortablewhilelearning.Youcanbookatrial(试验)lessontogiveitatry,andthendecidewhetheryouwilljoinusornot.Itcostsnothing.WHATYOUSHOULDDOTellyourteacheryourgoalsandyourlearningstyle,andtheywillmakeaspeciallearningplanforyou.Bookameetingwiththeteacherofyourchoicetofindoutiftheyaretherightfitforyou.WHATYOUNEEDTOPREPAREWIFI.ASkypeaccount.Acomputerorsmartphone.Werecommendusingheadphoneswithamicrophone,whichcanhelpyouandyourteacherheareachotherclearlyandimproveyourfeelingsabouttheclasses.Andfinally,youwillbetterimmerse(沉浸于)yourselfintheclasses.SOMEREVIEWSTom,fromtheU.K.—Atthebeginning,Ididn’tknowanythingapartfrom“hola”.Icannowread,writeandlisten.Iwoulddefinitelyrecommendmyteacher.Sheisfriendlyandmakesthelessonsfun.Jimmy,fromSingapore—MyteacherputsmeateaseinaclassandallowsmetoshowmytrueSpanishabilities.Sheisclearlyaprofessionalteacherwithgreatideasandpatience.Formoreinformation,fillintheformandwewillreachyouassoonaspossible.1.Whichofthefollowingisofferedforfreebytheonlinecourse?Atriallesson.B.Acupofcoffee.C.Alearningplan.D.Aguidingteacher.2.WhatcanweknowaboutthoseonlineSpanishteachers?A.TheyareallfromSpain.B.Theyteachaccordingtostudents’style.C.Theysetlittlehomeworkforstudents.D.TheyadvisestudentstopractiseSpanishatschool.3.Whyareheadphoneswithamicrophonerecommended?A.TheyworkbetterwithWIFI.B.Theyarepopularamongbeginners.C.Theyofferagoodlearningexperience.D.Theyhelpstudentsdiscusswitheachother.BWhenStephanie,mybestfriend,toldmethatshewantedtorunamarathon(马拉松)andneededmyhelp,Itriedtotalkheroutofit.“Youhaterunning.Marathontrainingisterribleandtakesoveryourlife.It’srunningallthetime,”Iargued.Icouldn’tchangehermind.SoItoldherthatsheshouldatleastdoitright:choosearightraceandI’drunwithher.Finally,wechosetheHonoluluMarathon.IttookplaceinHawaii,abeautifulplace.It’soneofthe10largestmarathonsintheworld,withnearly22,000finisherseachyear.第11页共11页,Butmoreimportantly,afull35percentofthemarefirst-timers.AndHonolulu’scoursehasnocut-off,stayingopenuntilthelastrunnerfinishes.TheraceseemedperfectforgreenrunnerslikeStephanie.AlthoughIhaverunplentyofmyownraces,IwassurprisedbytheamountofpressureIfeltinthisone.Beinginchargeofyourownraceisonething.Beingthebossofsomeoneelseisanother.Itwasmyjobtoencourageherandmakedecisionsforherwhileshecameacrossdifficultiesandwantedtogiveupduringtherace.Ifeltahugeresponsibilitythatherdreamofrunningacrossthefinishlinewasinmyhands.TheHonoluluMarathondayprovedtobehotandsunny.Thetemperaturehit82degreesFahrenheit.Thesunwasstrong;shade(树荫)waslittleandfarbetween.Afterrunningformorethanfourhours,Stephaniewasshowingsignsofheatexhaustion(中暑).ItoldhertowalkuntilIwassureitwassafeforhertokeeprunningagain.Soon,thefinishlinewasinsightandaswecrossedtheline,wehugged,andtearsflowed.IknewwhyStephaniewascrying.It’samazingwhenyoucompletesomethingyouneverthoughtpossible.4.Whatwastheauthor’sattitudetowardsStephanie’srunningamarathonatfirst?A.Negative.B.Excited.C.Annoyed.D.Supportive.5.WhydidtheauthorandStephaniechoosetoruntheHonoluluMarathon?A.Theywerefamiliarwiththeplace.B.Theracewassuitableforbeginners.C.Theywantedtoenjoythebeautifulviewsthere.D.Theracewaspopularamongmarathonrunners.6.Whatpossiblymadetheauthorfeelstressed?A.Herdecisiontoturndownherfriend.B.Thestrongcompetitionfromotherrunners.C.ThebadperformanceofStephanieintraining.D.HerdutytosupportStephanieinfinishingherrace.7.WhatdoestheauthormainlytalkaboutinParagraph4?A.Theauthor’sskillincompletingamarathon.B.ThesuccessofStephanie’sfirstmarathonrace.C.ThedifficultyinrunningamarathonforStephanie.D.Theimportanceoftakingarestduringatoughmarathon.CMostsunbearshaveshort,blackhair,thoughsomearemorereddishorgrayerincolor.MostofthesebearshaveaV-shapedareaoflighthairundertheirnecks,whichisdifferentincolorfromcreamtoyellowish-brown.Thesebearsdon’tgettheirnamebecausetheylovetoworkwiththiscolorofhair.Noraretheycalledsunbearsbecauseoftheirsunnydisposition(性情).Instead,theirnamecomesfromtheV-shapedpartundertheirnecks,whichiscommonlyyellowishincolor.Thepartlooksabitlikearisingsun.Ofallthekindsofbears,sunbearsarethesmallest.Theymeasurejust47to59incheslong.Thoughsmall,theyhaveaverylongtongue,whichmeasures8to10incheslong.Whysuchalongtongue?Longtonguesareparticularlyusefulwhentheyaretryingtoreachthefooddeepdowninapieceofwoodorcatchingotherinsects(昆虫),orwhentheyaretryingtocleaneverybitofhoneytheyhavefound.Sunbearsareverydependentuponfeedingonbeesandhoney.Insectsmakeupalargepartoftheirdiet,andtheycommonlyfeedonantsandyounginsects.Fruitsandnutsalsomakeupapartofsomemeals,andtheyareparticularlyfondoffigs(asoftsweetfruit).Insomeareas,fruitsmakeupnearlyhalfofthebears’diet.Whengiventheopportunity,theywillalsohuntbirds,turtles,eggs,anddeerforfood.Unlikesomeotherbearspecies,sunbearsareactiveallyearround.Foodcanbefoundallthetimeinrainforests,sotheydon’tneedtofellintoadeepsleeptospendthewholewinter.Sadly,todaypeoplecutdownrainforestsforwood,ortomakeroomforagricultural(农业的第11页共11页,)development,reducingthenumberoflivingplacessuitableforsunbears.Atthesametime,somepeoplehuntthebearstoselltheircoatsandotherbodypartsontheblackmarket.8.Whyweresunbearsgivensuchaname?A.Theyarefriendlyandlovely.B.Theylovedoingsomethinginthesun.C.Someoftheirhairfeelsaswarmasthesun.D.Partoftheirhairlookslikethesunincolorandshape.9.Whatcanbelearnedaboutthetongueofsunbears?A.It’smainlyusedtobreakdownfood.B.Itisthesmallestofallkindsofbears’.C.Itgreatlyhelpsthemsearchforfood.D.Itreacheshalfoftheirbodyinlength.10.What’sthefeatureofsunbears’eatinghabits?A.Theytendtowastefood.B.Theyfeedonvariousthings.C.Theypreferfruitstootherthings.D.Theylikecatchinginsectsforyoungbears.11.Whatcanweconcludeaboutsunbearsfromthelastparagraph?A.Humansoftenfailtofindtheminwinter.B.Theyarelessseenontheblackmarketnow.C.Theyaregoodatstoringfoodforthewinter.D.Humanactivitieshavebecomeabigdangertothem.DOurteenagersarelonely.AnewstudybyHarvard’sMakingCaringCommon(MCC)showsjusthowthatreelinghasbeencommonandbecomeseriousduringthepastyearwhenwehadtokeepthesocialdistance.Oneyear’sonlinelearningandlifeinthebedroomsratherthantheclassroomsordormroomscanmaketeenagersfeellonelierthanbefore.Teenagershavebeenmorelikelytobeinfluencedbylonelinessthanolderadults.Experiencinglonelinessiscertainlysad,butitisalsoperilous.Researchersfoundthat63%oftheyoungweresufferingfrombadsleep,anxiety,andpoorhealthduringthelockdown(活动限制)andthatnearlyaquarterhadstartedorincreasedsomebadhabits,includingsmoking,drinking,andstayinguplatetodealwiththeirfeelings.Abouthalfoftheyoungpeopleinthestudy,whosaidtheyhadfeltlonely,explainedthatoverthepastweeksnotonepersonhadtakenmorethanjustafewminutestoaskhowtheyhadbeenlately.Itmadethemfeeltheyhadnoonewhoreallycaredaboutthem.Theirparentsthoughttheyhadmuchfreetimeafterlessonsanditseemedthattheyonlyworriedwhethertheirchildrencouldperformtheirschoolworkattheleveltheyoncedid.Theydidn’tknowtheproblem.SianLeahBeilock,thepresidentofBarnardCollege,explainsthatyoungpeopledependonsocialmedia,whichmakesthemespeciallyweaktosocialmedia’sharms.Shealsosuggeststhatfewerclosefriendsmayexplainsomeofthefeelingsofloneliness.Shereportsthatin1985theaverageAmericanhadthreeclosefriendswithwhomtheycouldshareimportantthingsabouttheirlives.In2004,thatnumberhaddroppedtojusttwofriends.Andin2019,oneinfivemillennials(千禧一代)hadnofriendsatall.Theselevelsoflonelinessareheartbreaking.MCCsuggests,asanation,wefirstshouldfocusonteachingtheyoungtomakemeaningfulconnectionsbetweenpeopleandsupportthem.12.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“perilous”inParagraph2probablymean?A.Dangerous.B.Funny.C.Helpful.D.Uncommon.13.Whatdotheyoungpeople’swordsinthestudymean?A.Theirparentsmisunderstoodthem.B.Theyfoundtheirschoolworkheavy.C.Theyneededmorecareandattention.第11页共11页,D.Theironlinecoursesmadethembored.14.WhichofthefollowingmaySianLeahBeilockagreewith?A.Teenagersareshortofoutdoorexercise.B.Teenagersshouldmakemoreclosefriendsinreallife.C.Teenagersenjoydevelopingcloserelationshipsonline.D.Teenagersshouldavoidsharingimportantthingsonline.15.Whatcanbethesuitabletitleforthetext?A.Howtounderstandloneliness?B.MCCisimprovingteenagers’developmentC.TheUSteenagersareexperiencinglonelinessD.Howtocarryoutonlineeducationforteenagers?第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Youmayhavemanyoldbooksthatyounolongerwant.There’snoreasontoallowthemtogatherwhenothersmightbeabletofindagooduseforthem.16Whenyou’redecidingwhattodowitholdbooks,checktheirconditionfirst.Checkwhetherabookhasallofitspages,whetherthecoveriscomingoff,andwhetherthepagesaredirty.17Itcouldalsobegivenawaytoacharity(慈善机构).Ifyouplantobringoldbookstoabookstore,remembertocheckthebooks’content(内容)too.18Forexample,storybooksusuallycatchbookstoreowners’eyewhiletravelguidesdon’t.Bringbookslikestorybookstoabookstore,andyou’llhaveabiggerchanceofhavingthemsold.Ifyouchoosetogiveoldbookstoacharity,avoidgivingbooksthatareinpoorcondition.19Donotforcethecharitytoreachthesamedecisionasyoursandcrowdtheirrecyclingboxes.It’sbecauseifabookisquitedirtyordamaged(被损坏的),acharitycannotsellitorgiveitout.20Choosesomeinterestingoldbooksandencourageyourfriendstotakethemandleavesomebooksoftheirown.Youcouldalsohaveabookparty,whereeveryvisitorbringsoldbooksfortheotherstolookthroughandpick.A.It’salsoagreatideatoselloldbooksonline.B.Soworkoutwaystodealwiththeoldbooks.C.Bookbuyersknowwhattheycanfindinthestore.D.Afterall,sometopicsareofmoreinterestthanothers.E.Ifthebookisingoodshape,sellittoausedbookstore.F.Ifyouthinkthebooksshouldberecycled,thentakeaction.G.Besidesthetwowaysabove,youcanalsoexchangebookswithothers.第二部分语言运用(共两节,满分30分)第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。Apoorboywantedtostudymedicineunderawell-knownmaster.Themasteraskedhim,“Whatcanyoudo?”Heanswered,“Ihaveno21exceptthatIoncelearnedtoplaychess.”Themastersaid,“Good.Nowlet’splayagameofchess.Ifyou22me,Iwillacceptyou.”Theboywasconfused.Hecouldn’t23thetwo—medicineandchess.Then,thegamestarted.Atfirst,theboymadesome24inmoves.However,hefocusedcompletelyonthegamelaterand25thedangeroussituation.Whentheboycameclosetoawinninglevel,hethought,“Themasterisahighlyrespectedandwell-learnedman.It’s26forhimtowinthegame.Ifheloses,itwill27himalot.”Sotheyoungboytooka28steponpurpose.Andhelost.29,theboywasabouttoleave.Thenthemastersaid,“Youmakeit.”Hiswordsgreatly30theboy.Thenthemasterexplained,“Iplayedchesswithyouinorderto31you.NowIhavefoundtwopoints.Whenyouwerelosing,youturnedyour32tothegameratherthanthe33.AndwhenIwasabouttolose,youhadpityonme.You34tolosethegame.Thesetwopointsare35foragooddoctor.”Theboynodded.Andhefeltsoluckytohavesuchagreatteacher.第11页共11页,21.A.secretB.skillC.hobbyD.time22.A.trustB.promiseC.followD.beat23.A.addB.describeC.connectD.test24.A.excusesB.mistakesC.rulesD.efforts25.A.changedB.sharedC.choseD.missed26.A.strangeB.helpfulC.difficultD.normal27.A.trainB.shameC.improveD.remind28.A.wrongB.hardC.simpleD.different29.A.HopefullyB.AngrilyC.SadlyD.Proudly30.A.encouragedB.hurtC.surprisedD.saved31.A.understandB.punishC.challengeD.relax32.A.imaginationB.memoryC.doubtD.attention33.A.progressB.resultC.prizeD.form34.A.meantB.failedC.refusedD.feared35.A.impossibleB.painfulC.necessaryD.obvious第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。Aproductive(有成效的)teacher-childrelationshiphasbeenthebasicruleofeducationforcenturies.Agoodrelationshipbetweenachildandhisteachercanturnthechildintoanindependent,productiveand(36)___________(knowledge)memberofsocietyButabadteacher-childrelationshipcangiverisetoseveral(37)___________(difficulty).Itisnotverydifficultforus(38)___________(understand)whatmakesaperfectteacher-childrelationship.It(39)___________(believe)thatteacherswhoshoutintheirclasseshavepoorclassroommanagementskills.Sobesides(40)___________(teach)childrenknowledge,agoodteachershouldalsohavegoodcommunicationskills.Inagoodteacher-childrelationship,theteacheralsodiscoversandsolvessomeproblems(41)___________adirectbutthoughtfulmanner.Thismakesthechildfeelcomfortablewhilesharinghisproblemswiththeteacher.Ateacherwithanopenandfriendlyattitude(态度)always(42)___________(encourage)thechildtogetclosetohimorherwithanyproblems,(43)___________helpshimorherknowthechildbetter.Actually,ateacher-childrelationshipis(44)___________(complete)differentandpersonalforthechild.Soparentsshouldkeepanopenmindabout(45)___________wayinwhichtheirchildisbeingtaught.Ifthechildishappyandlearningwell,parentsshouldn’tforcetheirideasontheteacher,aswellasthechild.第三部分写作(共两节,满分40分)第一节(满分15分)假定你是李华,新学期你校篮球俱乐部正在招收新成员。请给你的交换生朋友Kevin写封邮件,邀请他和你一同加入。内容包括:1.发出邀请;2.简介俱乐部;3.表达期待。注意:1.词数80左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。参考词汇:招收recruit_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________第二节(满分25分)阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。续写的词数应为150左右。Iandtheotherfiftygirlssatonthechairsinthegymofmymiddleschool.Wewaitedtherefor第11页共11页,thecoachtogivetheresultsofthecompetitionforrolesascheerleaders(啦啦队队员).Onebyone,eachgirlleftherscat,jumpingupanddownastheirnumberwascalledout.“WillIbeoneofthem?”Iwondered.Iwasgettingmorenervous,andeachsecondfeltlikeacentury.“Numberseventeen,”thecoachcalledout.Hearingit,Ijumpedrightawayfrommyseat.AndIranovertostandnexttothegirlswhohadbeenchosentobecheerleaders.Wesmiledandhuggedeachotherbecausewebecamemembersofthe10-girlcheerleadingteam.Duringthefollowingdays,Iandtheotherninecheerleaderspracticedfortheperformance.Weweredressedinourblueuniformsbeforetheupcomingsportsmeet.ItwasgoingtobeheldonaFridaymorning.However,thenightbeforethesportsmeet,Igotverynervous,andworriedwhatifImadeamessintheperformance.Itriedtocomfortmyself,“Youcanmakeit.Justcalmdownandrelax.”Thenextmorning,myparentslefthomeforworkandIhurriedtogotoschool.Unluckily,whenIarrivedatschool,Ifoundtheotherninecheerleaderswereallintheirwhiteuniforms.ButIwasstillinmyblueuniform.AtonceIrealizedIhadmadeamistake:wearingthewronguniform.Therewasnotmuchtimeleftbeforethecheerleadingperformancestarted.WhatshouldIdo?Bothmyteammembersandthecoachwereworried.ThenacheerleadercalledTammyofferedtohelpme.Shesaid,“Myhomeisquiteclosetoourschool.MaybeIcouldgivemymotheracall.Sheisathomenow.ShecoulddriveJanetoherhome,soJanecanchangeheruniformquickly.”Paragraph1:ThecoachallowedTammytogiveitatry._______________________________________________________________________________Paragraph2:Ijoinedtheothergirlsforthecheerleadingperformance._______________________________________________________________________________听说训练1PARTA:ReadilyAloud模仿朗读(满分20分)Inthispart,youarerequiredtowatchavideoclipandreadafterthespeakerinthevideo.Tellingthestoryofthebird’sgreatjourneysacrosstheworld'scontinentswasaprojectthatinvolvedhundredsofdedicatedpeople.Helpedbynewtechnologyandnewfilmingtechniques,thebirds’liveswerecapturedasneverbefore.Butateverystage,thestorywasguidedbythebehaviourofwildbirdswhohadanincredibletaletotell.PARTB:RolePlay角色扮演(满分16分)Inthispart,youarerequiredtoactasaroleandcompletethreecommunicativetasks:listentoaspeaker,askthespeakerthreequestionsandthenanswerfivequestions.角色:你是Tom。任务:(1)与Mary谈论她的好友Lisa的情况;(2)根据谈话内容回答问题。1.Nowpleaseaskthespeakerthreequestions.问题1:现在请准备提出第一个问题。(中文提示:Lisa什么时候从法国回来?)Q:_____________________________________________________________________________问题2:现在请准备提出第二个问题。(中文提示:谁现在在医院照顾她妈妈?)Q:_____________________________________________________________________________问题3:现在请准备提出第三个问题。(中文提示:你明天什么时候去医院?)Q:_____________________________________________________________________________2.Nowpleasegetreadytoanswerfivequestions.问题1:现在请准备回答第一个问题。A:_____________________________________________________________________________问题2:现在请准备回答第二个问题。A:_____________________________________________________________________________问题3:现在请准备回答第三个问题。A:_____________________________________________________________________________问题4:现在请准备回答第四个问题。A:_____________________________________________________________________________第11页共11页,问题5:现在请准备回答第五个问题。A:_____________________________________________________________________________PARTC:Retelling故事复述(满分24分)Inthispart,youarerequiredtolistentoamonologueandthenretellitbasedonwhatyou.haveheard.梗概:一次经历使作者意识到保持冷静有助于顺利解决问题。关键词:yesterday(昨天)club(俱乐部)drive(驾驶)key(钥匙)calmly(冷)_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________听力练习1第一节听下面4段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。1.What’sDavid’splanfortonight?A.Towatchaplay.B.Tomeethisboss.C.Towriteaworkreport.2.Whatdoesthewomansuggestthemando?A.Returnthepen.B.Payfortherepaircost.C.Havethepenexchanged.3.WhydoesKevintalktoMs.Green?A.Toaskforleave.B.Tomakeanapology.C.Todiscusshisstudies.4.Whatarethespeakerstalkingabout?A.Theirscores.B.Asportsevent.C.Avideogame.第二节听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从所听到的内容中获取信息,回答相应小题。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第5段材料,回答第5、6题。5.Whatdoesthewomanwanttoeattoday?A.Fish.B.Beef.C.Chicken.6.What’sthemostprobablerelationshipbetweenthespeakers?A.Hostandguest.B.Waiterandcustomer.C.Husbandandwife.听第6段材料,回答第7至9题。7.WhatkindofmusicdoesLucyprefer?A.Popmusic.B.Rockmusic.C.Classicalmusic.8.WhichinstrumentdoesMikeplay?A.Thepiano.B.Theguitar.C.Theviolin.9.Whenwilltheconcertbeheld?A.OnFriday.B.OnThursday.C.OnWednesday.第11页共11页,听第7段材料,回答第10至12题。10.What’sLindagoingtodotonight?A.Visitafriend.B.Goshopping.C.Attendaparty.11.HowwillLindagodowntownwithSusan?A.Bycar.B.Bybus.C.Bysubway.12.WhenwillLindabebackhome?A.By9:30pm.B.By10:0.0pm.C.By10:30pm.听第8段材料,回答第13至15题。13.HowlonghasLeebeenlearningFrench?A.Foraboutsixyears.B.Forabouttenyears.C.Foraboutsixteenyears.14.WhatdoesLilysayabouttheapp?A.Itprovidesfree-courses.B.Itoffersspeakingpractice.C.Itfocusesonwritingandgrammar.15.What’sLee’sattitudetowardstheapp?A.Surprised.B.Interested.C.Confused.听第9段材料,回答第16至20题。AtravelplanTourguidesTracy,PeterandAndyCity16Timestartat17tomorrowNotice•bringa(n)18•wear19walkingshoes•takeacamera•be20whenvisitingStPaul’sCathedral第11页共11页,参考答案1-5ABCAB6-10DCDCB11-15DACBC16-20BEDFG21-25BDCBA26-30DBACC31-35ADBAC36-45(Onepossibleversion)36.knowledgeable37.difficulties38.tounderstand39.isbelieved40.teaching41.in42.encourages43.which44.completely45.the写作(Onepossibleversion)第一节DearKevin,Learningthatourschoolbasketballclubisrecruitingnewmembers,I’mwritingtoinviteyoutojoinitwithme.Accordingtotheintroduction,theschoolbasketballclubfrequentlyholdsbasketballgamestogetherwithotherschools.Anditsmembersareorganisedtopractiseplayingbasketballregularly.Sincebothofuslikeplayingbasketball,whynotapplytojointheclub?Ibelievewewillbenefitalotfromjoiningit,suchasmakingmorefriendsandimprovingourbasketballskills. Lookingforwardtoyouracceptance.  Yours,  LiHua第二节Paragraph1:ThecoachallowedTammytogiveitatry.ThenTammycalledhermotherandexplainedwhatwasgoingon.Hermotherimmediatelyagreedtohelpme.Whenwereachedmyhome,IquicklychangedmyuniformandranouttoTammy’smother’scar.Wehadjustfifteenminutesleftbeforetheperformancestarted.Luckily,wearrivedthereintime.“Ican’tthankyouenough,”ItoldTammy’smotherasIgotoutofthecar.Shesmiledandwavedgoodbye.Paragraph2: Ijoinedtheothergirlsforthecheerleadingperformance.Joyfully,everythingwentallrightasItriedtoperformaswellasIcould.Butwhenthecheerleadingperformancewasneartheend,Isuddenlyfelldown.Ibecamenervousaboutit,butmyteammembersdidn’tgetangryatme.Instead,theycametohelpmeimmediately.Thatday,insomewayImadeamessintheperformance,buttheothergirlsofferedmetheirwarmhearts.Iwassotouched.听力练习1参考答案1-5CCBBA6-10BCBAB11-15ACACB16-20(Onepossibleversion)16.London17.10:00am18.umbrella19.comfortable20.quiet第1期测试题部分答案解析阅读理解A  导语:本文是一篇应用文。主要在推广一个具有特色的西班牙语培训课程。1.A。细节理解题。根据FEATURES部分...triallesson...Itcostsnothing.可知,用户可以预定一个免费的试用课程。2.B。细节理解题。根据FEATURES部分Lessonsarebasedonyourstudyhabits.Weadaptteachers’styletofitthestudents’style...可知,在课程中老师会根据学生的学习习惯调整教学方式。第11页共11页,3.C。细节理解题。根据WHATYOUNEEDTOPREPARE部分...helpyouandyourteacherheareachotherclearly...immerseyourselfintheclasses.可知,建议使用带麦克风的耳机的原因是为了获得更好的学习体验。B  导语:本文是一篇记叙文。在作者的帮助下,好友斯蒂芬妮完成了人生中的第一场马拉松。4.A。观点态度题。根据第一段...Itriedtotalkheroutofit.“Youhaterunning.Marathontrainingisterrible...Iargued.可知,作者对朋友想跑马拉松这个决定是持反对意见的。5.B。细节理解题。根据第二段...afull35percentofthemarefirst-timers...TheraceseemedperfectforgreenrunnerslikeStephanie.可知,她们最终决定跑火奴鲁鲁马拉松是因为这场比赛适合像Stephanie一样的新手。6.D。细节理解题。根据第三段Itwasmyjobtoencourageherandmakedecisions...herdreamofrunningacrossthefinishlinewasinmyhands.可知,作者觉得当朋友在跑马拉松的过程中遇到困难想要放弃时,自己有责任鼓励她、帮她做决定,这种帮助朋友完成马拉松的责任感让作者感到很有压力。7.C。主旨大意题。通读第四段可知,作者在本段主要叙述的是:火奴鲁鲁马拉松比赛那天天气炎热、阳光强烈、树荫稀少;在跑了四个多小时后,斯蒂芬妮出现了中暑的迹象等等,这都表明跑这次马拉松比赛对Stephanie来说很艰难。C  导语:本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了马来熊的一些基本情况。8.D。细节理解题。根据第一段theirnamecomesfromtheV-shapedpart...yellowishincolor.Thepartlooksabitlikearisingsun.可知,马来熊被称作sunbears是因为它们的部分毛发在颜色和形状上都像太阳。9.C。推理判断题。根据第二段Longtonguesareparticularlyuseful...catchingotherinsects...cleaneverybitofhoney...可知,马来熊的舌头在觅食方面起着很重要的作用。10.B。细节理解题。根据第三段Sunbears...feedingonbeesandhoney...antsandyounginsects.Fruitsandnuts...turtles,eggs,anddeerforfood.可知,马来熊的饮食很杂,各种食物都吃。11.D。推理判断题。根据末段...cutdownrainforests...reducingthenumberoflivingplaces...huntthebearstosell...theblackmarket.可推知,人类活动已经成为马来熊的一大威胁。D  导语:本文是一篇说明文,MCC的一项新的研究表明,疫情导致青少年的孤独感加剧。12.A。词义猜测题。根据第二段整段可知,正在忍受孤独的青少年会出现睡眠障碍、焦虑、身体不适、并且开始了抽烟酗酒的行为,故遭受孤独不止令人伤心,同时也是“危险的”。13.C。推理判断题。根据第三段Itmadethemfeeltheyhadnoonewhoreallycaredaboutthem.Theirparents...didn’tknowtheproblem.可知,研究中青少年认为没人真正关心他们,父母也只关注他们在学业中的表现,他们的话表明了他们想要更多的关注。14.B。推理判断题。根据第四段Shealso...fewerclosefriendsmayexplain...feelingsofloneliness...nofriendsatall.可知,SianLeahBeilock认为现在青少年的社交活动多依赖于网络,他们的孤独源于缺乏亲密好友。故她赞成青少年应在现实生活中多结交亲密的朋友。15.C。文章标题题。根据全文内容可知,本文重点介绍了美国的青少年正遭受着孤独。七选五  导语:本文是一篇说明文,其针对如何处置我们积攒了很多但不想要的旧书给出了一些建议。16.B。此空设于段尾,与上一句存在因果关系。上句提到人们没有理由把别人可能认为有用的书闲置起来,所以(人们应)想出一些办法来处置这些书籍。17.E。此空设于段中,与下一句存在并列关系。分析备选项和下句中的also可知,此句和下句各陈述了一条处置旧书的方法。18.D。此空设于段中,与下一句存在解释关系。根据下句中Forexample后举例说明故事类的书普遍比旅游指南类的书更吸引人可知,有些话题的书比其他书更受关注。19.F。此空设于段中,是一个过渡句,用于引出下文。下句中的thesamedecision指代该句中的回收书籍。第11页共11页,20.G。此空设于段首,是本段的主旨句。通读本段内容可知,本段主要介绍了人们也可以和他人交换书籍。完形填空  导语:本文是一篇记叙文,一个除了下象棋再无其它一技之长的穷孩子想要跟随大师学医,大师便用下棋的方式考查他是否有资格当自己的学生。21.B。根据语境可知,大师问男孩会做什么,男孩说他除了下象棋再无其它“技能”。22.D。根据下文语境可知,大师对男孩说,如果你“打败”了我,我就收你为徒。23.C。根据上文Theboywasconfused.可知,男孩无法将医学和象棋这两者“联系起来”。24.B。根据下文的However及dangerous可知,男孩有几步棋下“错”了。25.A。根据本句前半句However,hefocused...thegamelater可知,男孩虽开局不利,但之后却全身心投入比赛中,“扭转了”之前的险境。26.D。根据前文Themaster...respectedandwell-learnedman.可知,男孩认为大师德才兼备,赢了比赛是很“正常的”。27.B。根据语境可知,男孩认为大师德才兼备,如果输了比赛,便会使他“蒙羞”。28.A。根据下文语境可知,男孩为了不让大师输掉比赛,故意下了一步“错”棋。29.C。根据语境可知,男孩输了比赛,正打算“伤心地”离开。30.C。根据语境可知,大师的话让男孩非常“惊讶”。31.A。根据下文语境可知,大师和男孩进行象棋比赛是为了“了解”男孩的人品。32.D。根据上文hefocused...thegame可知,男孩将自己的“注意力”都转到了比赛上。33.B。根据语境可知,男孩将自己的注意力都放到了比赛上而不是“结果”上。34.A。根据上文onpurpose可知,大师说男孩“本就打算”输掉比赛,是故意而为之的。35.C。根据上文语境可知,大师告诉男孩,专注力和同情心对一个好医生来说是“必需的”。语法填空导语:本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了良好的师生关系的重要性及构成条件。36.knowledgeable。考查形容词。此空位于名词member之前,故用其形容词形式作定语。37.difficulties。考查名词。空前的several修饰可数名词复数,故此处用difficulty的复数形式。38.tounderstand。考查非谓语动词。Itis+adj.+forsb.todosth.意为“做某事对于某人来说是……”,故用其不定式形式。39.isbelieved。考查谓语动词。此处陈述的是客观现状,故应用一般现在时。Itisbelievedthat为惯用表达,意为“人们相信”。40.teaching。考查非谓语动词。空前有介词besides,故此处应用teach的动名词形式构成介宾结构。41.in。考查介词。ina(n)...manner意为“用……方式”,故此处用介词in。42.encourages。考查谓语动词。文章陈述的是一般事实,故用一般现在时,且主语Ateacher为单数,故填encourages。43.which。考查关系代词。根据语境可知,此处为定语从句。关系代词which在句中引导非限制性定语从句,在从句中作主语。44.completely。考查副词。此处应用complete的副词形式修饰形容词different。45.the。考查冠词。根据语境可知,此处特指孩子被教育的方式,故用定冠词the。第11页共11页
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